Tutorial On Handling Keyboard Actions In Selenium WebDriver [With Example] (2022)

During the course of automated cross browser testing, you might come across scenarios that may not have been thought about during the product development phase. For example, when using Selenium automation testing, you could open a new browser tab instead of a new browser instance. Implementing that change would need proper usage of Keyboard Actions in Selenium WebDriver. This will also depend on whether the browser on which testing is performed and whether the Selenium WebDriver for the corresponding browser supports those functionalities.

A common Selenium testing scenario is entering information in a text-box by passing a combination of keys to the Selenium WebDriver. This can be achieved using the send_keys() API in Selenium which can be termed a Simple Keyboard interaction. Advanced keyboard events in Selenium automation testing are handled using Advanced User Interactions API. Using those APIs, you can perform the following:

  • Invoke keyboard interactions by passing key combinations to the Selenium WebDriver, e.g., CTRL + SHIFT, CTRL + A, etc.
  • Invoke typical keyboard-related interactions, e.g., Key Up, Key Down, etc.
  • Invoke actions on the browser instance using Function (F) keys, e.g., F5 to refresh the current browser page, etc.

Keyboard Actions in Selenium WebDriver are handled using the Actions class. In our previous blogs on Selenium automation testing, we have already highlighted the that can be used to handle automated Selenium testing scenarios. To get detailed information about the Selenium WebDriver building blocks and its detailed architecture, please refer to our earlier blogs where those aspects are explained in depth.

Before we have a detailed look at Keyboard Actions in Selenium WebDriver, it is required that you download the Selenium WebDriver for the browser on which testing is performed.

Starting your journey with Selenium WebDriver? Check out this step-by-step guide to perform Automation testing using Selenium WebDriver.

Browser

Download location

Opera

https://github.com/operasoftware/operachromiumdriver/releases

Firefox

https://github.com/mozilla/geckodriver/releases

Chrome

http://chromedriver.chromium.org/downloads

Internet Explorer

https://github.com/SeleniumHQ/selenium/wiki/InternetExplorerDriver

Microsoft Edge

https://developer.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-edge/tools/webdriver/

Keyboard actions in Selenium using Actions Class

Action Class in Selenium is used for low-level interactive automation involving input devices like keyboard, mouse, etc. When using Selenium automation testing, it is recommended that Actions Class is used rather than using the input devices (e.g., keyboard, mouse) directly. Before an interaction is performed with the web element, the element should be a part of the DOM; else, the interaction might not be successful.

Watch this video to learn what the Actions Class is in Selenium and how to use it.

Some of the commonly used keyboard actions are KeyUp, KeyDown, and sendKeys(). Keyboard actions can also be used in combination with Mouse actions, e.g., Mouse Hover to a particular menu on the page and perform a combination of KeyUp & KeyDown on that menu. To perform keyboard actions in Selenium WebDriver, the Selenium ActionChains/Actions class should be imported into the source code.

Shown below is the definition of Selenium ActionChains class:

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class selenium.webdriver.common.action_chains.ActionChains(driver)

driver - WebDriver instance which performs the user actions.

Since the Selenium ActionChains class is used to automate low-level mouse & keyboard interactions, it needs to queue the corresponding requests and execute those requests on a priority basis. For that purpose, the methods defined for actions on the ActionChains object are queued in the ActionChains object. For example, to refresh contents of the webpage, you can make use of the combination of (KeyUp + KeyDown) actions along with (CONTROL + F5) keys. The sample implementation is shown below.

(Video) Selenium WebDriver Tutorial #31 - How to Perform Keyboard Events in Selenium

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ActionChains(driver) \

.key_down(Keys.CONTROL) \

.send_keys(Keys.F5) \

.key_up(Keys.CONTROL) \

.perform()

As seen in the snippet shown above, the actions are queued in the ActionChains object and a perform() is finally used to fire the actions that were queued in the object. A chain-based approach can also be used instead of a queue-based approach. Irrespective of the approach being used, the actions are fired in the order in which they were queued (like a FIFO).

Commonly used Keyboard events

Keyboard events can be used appropriately when Selenium is performed on the test web page/web application. Shown below are some of the commonly used keyboard events provided by the ActionChains class:

Action

Arguments

Description

send_keys(*keys_to_send)

keys_to_send – The keys to send.

Modifier keys constants can be found in the Keys class.

Send keys to the element that is currently in focus.

key_down(value,element=None)

value – Modifier key to send.

element – It is an optional argument. It represents the element on which keys need to be sent. If it is not specified, i.e., None, the key is sent to the currently focused element.

Sends a key press without performing the release. It should only be used with modifier keys like Control, Alt, and Shift.

key_up(value,element=None)

value – Modifier key to send.

element – It is an optional argument. It represents the element on which keys need to be sent. If it is not specified, i.e., None, the key is sent to the currently focused element.

Releases a key. It should only be used with modifier keys like Control, Alt, and Shift.

perform

None

Perform the chain of actions stored in the ActionChains object

To use ActionChains for performing keyboard actions in Selenium WebDriver, you need to first import the ActionChains module.

Tutorial On Handling Keyboard Actions In Selenium WebDriver [With Example] (1)

Keyboard Actions – Demonstration

Now that we have looked at the basics of Keyboard actions, ActionChains class, and operations that can be performed using the keyboard, let’s look at examples that demonstrate its usage.

Keyboard Actions (send_keys)

To demonstrate Keyboard actions in Selenium automation testing, we use a simple example where search term, e.g., LambdaTest, is passed to the DuckDuckGo search engine. The inspect tool in Chrome (browser on which testing is performed) is used to get details about the web element.

Tutorial On Handling Keyboard Actions In Selenium WebDriver [With Example] (2)

Once the details of the web element, i.e., search_form_input_homepage in the DuckDuckGo web page, are identified, we make use of the send_keys action to input the search term. For simplification, we have not used Selenium WebDriverWait that ensures the loading of web elements with ID seach_form_input_homepage is completed before the subsequent set of operations can be executed.

FileName – 1-send_keys-example.py

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# Demonstration of send_keys using search on DuckDuckGo

import unittest

from selenium import webdriver

import time

from time import sleep

# Import the ActionChains class

from selenium.webdriver.common.action_chains import ActionChains

class SeachTest(unittest.TestCase):

def setUp(self):

# Creation of Opera WebDriver instance

self.driver = webdriver.Chrome()

def test_Search(self):

driver = self.driver

driver.maximize_window()

driver.get("https://duckduckgo.com/")

# Send search keyboard to the Text Box element on DuckDuckGo

driver.find_element_by_id("search_form_input_homepage")

ActionChains(driver) \

.send_keys("Lambdatest") \

.perform()

sleep(5)

def tearDown(self):

# Close the browser.

self.driver.close()

if __name__ == '__main__':

unittest.main()

To execute the code, use the command python <file-name.py> on the shell/terminal.The standard pytest test framework is used for demonstration where the operations for initialization & de-initialization being performed in setUp() & tearDown() methods. As shown in the example, send_keys action (with input-value = LambdaTest) is performed on the search box (ID = search_form_input_homepage). Since send_keys is the only action that has to be queued in the ActionChains object, perform action is fired after the same.

Keyboard Actions (key_up & key_down)

To demonstrate the usage of key_down and key_up actions, we perform a button click on LambdaTest homepage where the link-text is ‘Start Free Testing’. The Keyboard Actions in Selenium WebDriver, which are used in this particular scenario, are key_down & key_up along with .click() on the matching web element.

To start with, we use the Inspect Tool to get the XPATH of the web element with the text ‘Start Free Testing’ on the LambdaTest homepage.

Tutorial On Handling Keyboard Actions In Selenium WebDriver [With Example] (3)

Once we have located the element, the next step in this usecase that demonstrates Selenium testing is to perform CONTROL + CLICK on ‘Start Free Testing’ button so that the LambdaTest Dashboard opens in a new tab. Using the switch_to.window() method with the window handle of the newly opened tab, we switch the focus to that window.

(Video) Selenium 4 Beginner Tutorial 8 | Keyboard Actions

FileName – 2-key-up-example.py

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import time

from time import sleep

from selenium import webdriver

from selenium.webdriver.common.action_chains import ActionChains

from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys

from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait

from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC

from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By

from selenium.common.exceptions import TimeoutException

# XPATH of the button with link text = Start Free Testing

sign_up_xpath = "//*[@id='bs-example-navbar-collapse-1']/ul/li[7]/a"

driver = webdriver.Chrome()

driver.maximize_window()

driver.get('http://lambdatest.com')

delay = 5 # Delay in seconds

try:

myElem = WebDriverWait(driver, delay).until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.XPATH, sign_up_xpath)))

print("LambdaTest page is loaded")

except TimeoutException:

print("[Error] - TimeOut occured")

driver.quit()

element = driver.find_element_by_link_text('Start Free Testing')

ActionChains(driver) \

.key_down(Keys.CONTROL) \

.click(element) \

.key_up(Keys.CONTROL) \

.perform()

child_window = driver.window_handles[1]

#The Parent window will go in the background

#Child window comes to Foreground

driver.switch_to.window(child_window)

title2 = driver.title

print(title2)

time.sleep(5) # Pause to allow you to inspect the browser.

driver.quit()

Once the webpage is loaded, we search for the element with the link text as ‘Start Free Testing’

Next step is to add necessary actions to the ActionChains object. In this scenario, the actions that are queued to the ActionChains object are:

  • key_down(keys.CONTROL)
  • .click(element)
  • key_up(keys.CONTROL)

The intention of these combination of actions is to perform CONTROL + CLICK on the button with the matching link-text. The .perform() method is fired to execute these actions.

(Video) How to perform Keyboard Action in Selenium JAVA || Handling Keyboard & Mouse Actions ||

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ActionChains(driver) \

.key_down(Keys.CONTROL) \

.click(element) \

.key_up(Keys.CONTROL) \

.perform()

For more information about window_handles and switch_to.window(), please refer to the blog where we have discussed tips & tricks for Selenium automation testing.

Keyboard Actions in Selenium WebDriver on the Cloud

Selenium testing on local Selenium Grid can be useful and scalable as long as the local setup covers all the combinations of web browsers, operating systems, and devices. However, the setup can turn out to be extensive in case automated cross browser testing has to be performed on a huge number of combinations. Cross browser testing on the cloud can be more efficient and scalable in such cases as minimal code changes are required to make it work with the remote Selenium Grid. Tests can also be executed at a faster pace by utilizing the power of parallel execution/parallelism on the automated cross browser testing platform.

LambdaTest is one such platform through which you can perform live cross interactive browser testing on 3000+ real browsers and operating systems online. The implementation used for Selenium automation testing and Python can be ported to their setup with minimal code changes. LambdaTest also supports development using major programming languages like Python, C#, Java, Ruby on Rails, etc.

Since we would be demonstrating keyboard actions in Selenium WebDriver on the LambdaTest platform, it is important to keep a track of the status of Automation tests. We port the Selenium testing example to the LambdaTest platform, and the desired browser capabilities are generated using the LambdaTest capabilities generator.

FileName – 3-LT-key-up-example.py

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# Porting Keyboard interactions example to LambdaTest Cloud

import time

from time import sleep

from selenium import webdriver

from selenium.webdriver.common.action_chains import ActionChains

from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys

from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait

from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC

from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By

from selenium.common.exceptions import TimeoutException

import urllib3

import warnings

# Changes for porting to the LambdaTest cloud

#Set capabilities for testing on Chrome

browser_capabilities = {

"build" : "Keyboard interactions on Chrome",

"name" : "Keyboard interactions on Chrome",

"platform" : "Windows 10",

"browserName" : "Chrome",

"version" : "76.0",

}

#End - Set capabilities for testing on Chrome

# Get details from https://accounts.lambdatest.com/profile

user_name = "user-name@gmail.com"

app_key = "app-token"

urllib3.disable_warnings(urllib3.exceptions.InsecureRequestWarning)

remote_url = "https://" + user_name + ":" + app_key + "@hub.lambdatest.com/wd/hub"

# XPATH of the button with link text = Start Free Testing

sign_up_xpath = "//*[@id='bs-example-navbar-collapse-1']/ul/li[7]/a"

# Local Selenium Grid

# driver = webdriver.Chrome()

# Remote Selenium Grid being used for cross browser testing

driver = webdriver.Remote(command_executor=remote_url, desired_capabilities=browser_capabilities)

driver.maximize_window()

driver.get('http://lambdatest.com')

delay = 5 # Delay in seconds

try:

myElem = WebDriverWait(driver, delay).until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.XPATH, sign_up_xpath)))

print("LambdaTest page is loaded")

except TimeoutException:

print("[Error] - TimeOut occured")

driver.quit()

element = driver.find_element_by_link_text('Start Free Testing')

ActionChains(driver) \

.key_down(Keys.CONTROL) \

.click(element) \

.key_up(Keys.CONTROL) \

.perform()

child_window = driver.window_handles[1]

#The Parent window will go in the background

#Child window comes to Foreground

driver.switch_to.window(child_window)

title2 = driver.title

print(title2)

time.sleep(5) # Pause to allow you to inspect the browser.

driver.quit()

Let us do a code walkthrough of the implementation that demonstrates keyboard actions in Selenium WebDriver on the LambdaTest infrastructure. Selenium testing is performed on the Chrome browser (version 76.0) that is installed on Windows 10. The combination of user-name and access token (which can be obtained from the LambdaTest account profile page) are passed to the remote URL on which the test will be performed.

(Video) How To Perform Keyboard Events in Selenium Webdriver

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remote_url = "https://" + user_name + ":" + app_key + "@hub.lambdatest.com/wd/hub"

The execution is performed on the Remote Selenium Grid on LambdaTest and combination of remote-url & desired browser capabilities is passed to the Selenium WebDriver.

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# Remote Selenium Grid being used for cross browser testing

driver = webdriver.Remote(command_executor=remote_url, desired_capabilities=browser_capabilities)

The execution is done in a similar manner, the only difference being that the test is now executed on LambdaTest’s remote Selenium grid setup. Every test is identified by a test-id, and each build has a unique build-id. To check the status of the test, you should visit https://automation.lambdatest.com/logs/?testID=<test-id>&build=<build-id> where <test-id> & <build-id> should be replaced with the corresponding ids. Test status can be Error, TimeOut, or Completed. As seen in the screenshot below, the test was successfully executed, and the end status was Completed.

Tutorial On Handling Keyboard Actions In Selenium WebDriver [With Example] (4)

Conclusion

In Selenium testing with Python, low level keyboard interactions like key up, key down, send_keys are automated using the ActionChains object. Depending on the usecase, the necessary actions are queued to the ActionChains object. The actions are executed in the sequence in which they were received i.e. like a FIFO (First In First Out). Keyboard actions in Selenium WebDriver are frequently used when Selenium automation testing is performed. .pause() method can be added to the actions in the ActionChains object if a delay is required between subsequent actions. Selenium testing on local Selenium Grid can have limitations in terms of test coverage since test suites/test cases cannot be executed on different combinations of devices, operating systems, and web browsers. In such a scenario, test code that uses keyboard actions in Selenium WebDriver can be ported to LambdaTest’s remote Selenium Grid. With minimal porting changes in the Selenium testing code, you can achieve better results using Selenium automation testing executed on a scalable & efficient Selenium Grid.

Also,If you’re new to Selenium and wondering what it is then we recommend checking out our guide – What is Selenium Grid?

Frequently Asked Questions

What is action and actions in selenium WebDriver?

Action is an Interface that represents a single user-interaction action. Action interface helps you to build multiple action items for one screen model.

Whereas Actions is a Class that extends the Object class. Actions class (constructor) is a class that contains a builder design pattern that builds composite actions by aggregating Selenium WebDriver and Local Driver contexts.

Himanshu Sheth

Himanshu Sheth is a seasoned technologist and blogger with more than 15+ years of diverse working experience. He currently works as the ‘Lead Developer Evangelist’ and ‘Senior Manager [Technical Content Marketing]’ at LambdaTest. He is very active with the startup community in Bengaluru (and down South) and loves interacting with passionate founders on his personal blog (which he has been maintaining since last 15+ years).

FAQs

How does Selenium Webdriver handle keyboard events? ›

If you want to press the keyboard key on a specified web element, then that web element first needs to be focussed explicitly, and then this method needs to be invoked. This method first focusses on the web element, which has been passed as a parameter to the method and presses the mentioned key on that Web Element.

What is the Selenium Webdriver command to use following combination of keys on the keyboard CTRL A? ›

Example. We can also perform a CTRL+A press by simply using the sendKeys() method. We have to pass Keys. CONTROL along with the string A by concatenating with +, as an argument to the method.

What are the keyboard events in Action class? ›

Actions Class Method for Keyboard:

keyDown and keyUp are the main methods in KeyBoard Events in Selenium Webdriver Actions class. public Actions keyDown(Keys theKey) : Performs a modifier key press (SHIFT,Keys. ALT or Keys. CONTROL) to Handle keyDown operation.

What are the keyboard actions in Selenium? ›

  • . keyDown(Keys. SHIFT) . sendKeys("a") . ...
  • ActionChains(driver)\ . key_down(Keys. SHIFT)\ . send_keys("a")\ . ...
  • new Actions(driver) . KeyDown(Keys. Shift) . SendKeys("a") . ...
  • driver. action . key_down(:shift) . send_keys('a') . ...
  • await driver. actions() . keyDown(Key. SHIFT) . ...
  • Actions(driver) . keyDown(Keys. SHIFT) .
18 Sept 2022

How can I send values without sendKeys? ›

We can input text in the text box without the method sendKeys with thehelp of the JavaScript Executor. Selenium executes JavaScript commands with the help of the executeScript method. The JavaScript command to be run is passed as parameter to the method.

What is difference between build () and perform () in Selenium? ›

Difference between build() and perform() in Selenium

The build() command of action interface generates a composite action that contains all the actions gathered which are ready to be performed. The perform() command is used to perform a sequence of actions without calling build() first.

What is build () perform () in Selenium? ›

Build(). perform() is used to compile and execute the actions class. Use the different methods under the actions class to perform various operations like click(), drag and drop and so on.

What is xOffset and yOffset in Selenium? ›

Both xOffset and yOffset represent the relative pixel distance (integer) with which to scroll. For xOffset , positive value means to scroll right, and negative value means to scroll left. For yOffset , positive value means to scroll downward, and negative value means to scroll upward.

How do I send multiple keyboard keys in Selenium? ›

Hey Jasmine, there are a few ways to handle multiple keyboard keys in Selenium Webdriver:
  1. Using Actions Class: Actions action = new Actions(driver); action. keyDown(Keys. ...
  2. Using SendKeys Chord: driver. findElement(By. ...
  3. Using Robot Class: // Create Robot class Robot rb = new Robot(); // Press control keyboard key rb.
25 Jun 2019

What can I use instead of sendKeys? ›

I want to pass text into an input field but don't want to use sendKeys(). Is there any other way to input text into the text box using Selenium Webdriver? Yes...you can use javascript executor or by using action class..

Which Selenium command is used to send keyboard button enter as an input? ›

To specify ENTER button functionality in Selenium webdriver we have to use the method sendKeys.

What can we use instead of sendKeys in Selenium? ›

  • Usually sendKeys is used to enter value into text box in Selenium.
  • You can use JS: Instead of send keys you can use executeScript method of JavascriptExecutor. ...
  • WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
  • JavascriptExecutor jse = (JavascriptExecutor)driver;

What is the difference between action and actions in Selenium? ›

With the above explanations of Actions Class & Action Class, we can now conclude that Actions is a class that is based on a builder design pattern. This is a user-facing API for emulating complex user gestures. Whereas Action is an Interface which represents a single user-interaction action.

Why sendKeys is not working in Selenium? ›

sendKeys() not working in Selenium Webdriver

JavaScript command to be used is passed as a parameter to this method. To input text we shall first identify the edit field with the JavaScript method document. getElementsByClassName. Then apply the value method on it.

Is selectAllOptions () a valid command in Webdriver? ›

In webdriver " selectAllOptions() " is a valid command.

Why is the ContextClick () used for? ›

ContextClick Method. Right-clicks the mouse at the last known mouse coordinates.

How do I pass sendKeys in Selenium WebDriver? ›

Entering Values in Input Boxes
  1. Find the “Email Address” Text field using the id locator.
  2. Find the “Password” field using the name locator.
  3. Enter text into the “Email Address” using the Selenium sendkeys method.
  4. Enter a password into the “Password” field using the sendKeys() method.
4 days ago

How do I find broken links in Selenium? ›

How to identify broken links in Selenium WebDriver
  1. Collect all the links present on a web page based on the <a> tag.
  2. Send HTTP request for each link.
  3. Verify the HTTP response code.
  4. Determine if the link is valid or broken based on the HTTP response code.
  5. Repeat the process for all links captured with the first step.
7 May 2021

Can we use sendKeys on select elements? ›

sendKeys command does not work with Select elements and the only way to automate selection option is by using javascript.

Which locator is slower in Selenium? ›

XPath Locator

It is slowest among all locators. But it provides you reliable ways to locate web elements. XPath engines are different in each browser, hence make them inconsistent across browsers. That means if you write XPath for your application in Chrome browser, it may not work on IE.

Can we use perform without build? ›

perform() A convenience method for performing the actions without calling build() first.

Which method is overloaded in Selenium? ›

Overloaded method in Selenium are: frame(string), frame(int), frame(WebElement) findElement("<All type of locator e.g. id , xpath , cssClass>").

What is the difference between popup and alert? ›

It is a pop-up window that comes up on the screen. There are many user actions that can result in an alert on the screen. For example, if you click on a button that displays a message or maybe when you entered a form, HTML page asked you for some extra information. This is an alert.

What is difference between Build & perform? ›

build() method in Actions class is use to create chain of action or operation you want to perform. perform() this method in Actions Class is use to execute chain of action which are build using Action build method.

What is return type of getWindowHandle () and getWindowHandles ()? ›

getWindowHandle(): With this method, we get a unique ID of the current window which will identify it within this driver instance. This method will return the value of the String type. getWindowHandles( ): With this method, we get the IDs of all the windows opened by the web driver. Its return type is Set .

How do I drag and drop multiple elements in Selenium? ›

Perform Drag and Drop of Elements using Selenium Webdriver
  1. 1st way: act. dragAndDrop(Source, Target). build(). perform();
  2. 2nd way: act. clickAndHold(From). build(). perform(); act. ...
  3. 3rd way: act. dragAndDropBy(Source, xoffset, yoffset). perform(); Write the following code into Eclipse IDE and then run the script.
28 Oct 2014

How do I drag and drop files in Selenium? ›

Click And Hold Action: dragAndDrop() method first performs click-and-hold at the location of the source element. Move Mouse Action: Then source element gets moved to the location of the target element. Button Release Action: Finally, it releases the mouse.

What is drag and drop in Selenium? ›

What is Drag and Drop in Selenium? This action is performed using a mouse when a user moves (drags) a web element from one location and then places (drops) it at another point. This is a common action used in Windows Explorer when moving a file from one folder to another.

How mouse and keyboard events are handled? ›

A programmer should know which key the user has pressed on the keyboard or whether the mouse is moved, pressed, or released. These are also called 'events'. Knowing these events will enable the programmer to write his code according to the key pressed or mouse event. KeyListener interface of java.

What can we use instead of sendKeys in Selenium? ›

  • Usually sendKeys is used to enter value into text box in Selenium.
  • You can use JS: Instead of send keys you can use executeScript method of JavascriptExecutor. ...
  • WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
  • JavascriptExecutor jse = (JavascriptExecutor)driver;

What methods do Selenium web element object have for simulating mouse clicks and keyboard keys? ›

Mouse Actions in Selenium WebDriver
  • click() method.
  • doubleClick() method.
  • clickAndHold() method.
  • contextClick() method.
  • dragAndDrop() method.
27 Apr 2021

Which Selenium command is used to send keyboard button enter as an input? ›

To specify ENTER button functionality in Selenium webdriver we have to use the method sendKeys.

What is keyboard handling Java? ›

Interface KeyListener

The listener object created from that class is then registered with a component using the component's addKeyListener method. A keyboard event is generated when a key is pressed, released, or typed. The relevant method in the listener object is then invoked, and the KeyEvent is passed to it.

How does Java handle keyboard and mouse events? ›

java.awt.event Class MouseEvent
  1. a mouse button is pressed.
  2. a mouse button is released.
  3. a mouse button is clicked (pressed and released)
  4. the mouse cursor enters the unobscured part of component's geometry.
  5. the mouse cursor exits the unobscured part of component's geometry.

What is the difference between keypress and Keydown? ›

The keydown and keyup events provide a code indicating which key is pressed, while keypress indicates which character was entered. For example, a lowercase "a" will be reported as 65 by keydown and keyup , but as 97 by keypress .

How do I pass sendKeys in Selenium WebDriver? ›

Entering Values in Input Boxes
  1. Find the “Email Address” Text field using the id locator.
  2. Find the “Password” field using the name locator.
  3. Enter text into the “Email Address” using the Selenium sendkeys method.
  4. Enter a password into the “Password” field using the sendKeys() method.
4 days ago

How do I use sendKeys in Action class? ›

Now, let us see the implementation of each method in detail with an example.
  1. sendKeys. Using the Actions class in Selenium, we can implement the sendKeys() method to type specific values in the application. ...
  2. Mouse click. ...
  3. ContextClick & doubleClick. ...
  4. moveToElement. ...
  5. dragAndDrop.
28 Sept 2020

What if sendKeys is not working in Selenium? ›

If we encounter issues while working with the sendKeys method, then we can use the JavaScript Executor to input text within an edit box. Selenium can run JavaScript commands with the help of the executeScript method. JavaScript command to be used is passed as a parameter to this method.

Which method will enable you to press multiple keys at the same time? ›

Rollover is the ability of a computer keyboard to correctly handle several simultaneous keystrokes. A keyboard with n-key rollover can correctly detect input from each key on the keyboard at the same time, regardless of how many other keys are also being pressed.

How many arguments are accepted by sendKeys function? ›

Sends one or more keystrokes to the active window as if they had been entered at the keyboard. The SendKeys statement has two parameters.

What is the difference between action and actions in Selenium? ›

With the above explanations of Actions Class & Action Class, we can now conclude that Actions is a class that is based on a builder design pattern. This is a user-facing API for emulating complex user gestures. Whereas Action is an Interface which represents a single user-interaction action.

Can we use sendKeys for dropdown? ›

sendKeys("List Item Label") - is the WebDriver command which can also be used for selecting the specified List Item Label from the Drop down field.

How do I send sendKeys? ›

To specify that any combination of SHIFT, CTRL, and ALT should be held down while several other keys are pressed, enclose the code for those keys in parentheses. For example, to specify to hold down SHIFT while E and C are pressed, use "+(EC)".

What is the difference between keys enter and keys return in Selenium? ›

When using it normally with a browser, enter key selects a single keyword and adds it to the list of keywords. With Selenium however enter key sends the form and return key selects a single keyword.

Videos

1. Selenium WebDriver tutorial 23 | Click And Hold | Actions Class
(Testing Funda)
2. Handling Keyboard events in Selenium Automation II WebDriver Selenium Automation
(Knowledge Share)
3. Selenium Automation Framework Tutorial - Handling Mouse & Keyboard events with Actions class
(QASCRIPT)
4. Selenium 4 Actions Class | Keyboard Events | Example
(Testing Funda)
5. keyDown() and keyUp() Commands - Selenium WebDriver
(QAFox)
6. Selenium WebDriver | Actions Class in Selenium | Keyboard Actions in Selenium-Java-Select Copy Paste
(Software and Testing Training)

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