Supporting our customers on the path to net zero: The Microsoft cloud and decarbonization - The Official Microsoft Blog (2022)

|Noelle Walsh - Corporate vice president, Cloud Ops and Innovation

Supporting our customers on the path to net zero: The Microsoft cloud and decarbonization - The Official Microsoft Blog (1)

Demand for data and digital services is expected to continue its exponential growth over the coming years, with global internet traffic projected to double by 2022[i]. The Microsoft cloud is the trusted cloud for everyday digital experiences at work and at home – from critical applications for life and safety services, education institutions and governments to advancing scientific research surrounding the world’s most pressing challenges – like climate change. Underpinning the cloud are physical datacenters, networking and fiber connected to the world’s energy grids. Customers already benefit from the cloud’s ability to provide massive efficiency that reduces the collective carbon footprint required to support the world’s compute needs. Even so, the increasing demand for cloud leads to increasing demand for datacenters, which require power, land and water to operate. We – and the cloud industry – face an important challenge as a result: scaling our computing power to progress digital economies, research and inclusive economic opportunities–while also helping to preserve the only planet we have.

Microsoft’s commitment is to be carbon negative by 2030 and by 2050 remove from the environment all the carbon the company has emitted, either directly or by electrical consumption since it was founded in 1975. To reach this, datacenters must be part of the solution for broad decarbonization. The climate challenges we face won’t be solved by one company or industry alone.

(Video) This tool will help us get to zero emissions

Today, we’re sharing more about our approach to not only reach our goals, but also have a wider impact by empowering customers and partners through tools to measure progress, and through our own datacenter operations and supply chain on which our customers rely. Further, we’re pursuing breakthrough technologies to inspire multidimensional thinking about how we incorporate sustainability into future datacenter design and operations.

Advancing our sustainable datacenters toward a carbon negative future

As we continue to grow to support the increased demand for cloud across public and private sectors, it’s critical that we devote resources to finding creative, innovative solutions to today’s datacenter operational and engineering challenges to help us meet our ambitious sustainability targets. Our investment in datacenter research and development is helping us address important challenges to reduce carbon emissions across our construction and operations, significantly reduce and eliminate water use for cooling, reduce e-waste by giving server parts new life and sustain local ecosystems where our datacenters reside. Our mission is to not only find ways to improve our datacenter operations, but also share these learnings with the broader cloud and built environment industry.

Today, we’re announcing progress on several key advanced development initiatives which will provide additional learnings and insights we can take into our existing operations and help shape the future of the datacenter:

(Video) Luohan Frontier Dialogue #6: A Digital Pathway to Net-Zero: Transforming Business and Lifestyle

  • Reducing water use in datacenter operations by 95% by 2024: Microsoft’s commitment to be water positive by 2030 requires that we look across every aspect of our operations to reduce and eliminate water use. Today, we’re announcing a new approach to datacenter temperature management, which will further reduce the amount of water used in our evaporative cooled datacenters globally by 95% by 2024 – or an estimated 5.7 billion liters annually. Through our extensive global research on server performance in warmer temperatures, we’re able to create higher set points for a variety of different climates for when water-based, evaporative cooling is necessary to preserve server performance and reliability. We expect this project to be fully implemented by 2024, and it has the potential to eliminate water use for cooling in regions like Amsterdam, Dublin, Virginia and Chicago, while reducing water use in desert regions like Arizona by as much as 60%.
  • Continued research in liquid immersion cooling, toward waterless cooling options: This year we , making Microsoft the first cloud provider that is running two-phase liquid immersion cooling in a production environment, demonstrating viability for broader use in our datacenters. Our latest research in liquid cooling addresses the concept of overclocking, which is to operate chip components beyond their pre-defined voltage, thermal and power design limits to further improve performance. Based on our tests, we’ve found that for some chipsets, the performance can increase by 20% through the use of liquid cooling. This demonstrates how liquid cooling can be used not only to support our sustainability goals to reduce and eventually eliminate water used for cooling in datacenters, but also generate more performant chips operating at warmer coolant temperatures for advanced AI and machine learning workloads. Because of the efficiencies in both power and cooling that liquid cooling affords us, it unlocks new potential for datacenter rack design. In short, liquid cooling paves the way for more densely packed servers in smaller spaces, meaning increased capacity per square foot in a datacenter – or the ability to create smaller datacenters in more strategic locations in the future. This adds to the benefits of waterless cooling design.
  • Datacenter design to support local ecosystems: We operate datacenters all over the globe, each with different native species, temperatures and weather patterns. Understanding how we can design datacenters to support local ecosystems starts with understanding how an ecosystem performs on its own. Microsoft has been benchmarking the ecosystem performance in 12 datacenter regions, to be completed by end of calendar year. Through this research, we are quantifying ecosystem performance in terms of water quantity and quality, air, carbon, climate, soil quality, health and well-being and biodiversity. Our goal is to renew and revitalize the surrounding area so that we can restore and create a pathway to provide regenerative value for the local community and environment. The findings of this research are helping to inform one of our first projects in northern Holland, part of our Amsterdam datacenter region. To start, we will construct a lowland forested area around the datacenter as well as forested wetlands, which are highly saturated with water and vegetation suited for water filtration to naturally process storm water and runoff. Results from these different approaches suggest that ecosystem performance can be restored by as much as 75%. We have more to go with this, but we are encouraged and inspired by what we have seen so far.
  • Cutting carbon footprint in datacenter design and construction: Embodied carbon accounts for at least 11% of global greenhouse gas emissions, according to the latest data from the Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction. These are the emissions associated with materials and construction processes throughout the whole lifecycle of a building or infrastructure. Much of embodied carbon is attributed to concrete and steel, and by choosing lower-carbon options, we can have a significant impact on reducing the carbon emissions associated with every new building. We’re on track to build between 50 and 100 new datacenters every year in response to customer demand. To reduce embodied carbon in the design and construction of these datacenters, we’re using a tool called the Embodied Carbon in Construction Calculator (EC3) developed by the nonprofit Building Transparency.As a key initial step for all new datacenters, we now require our construction teams to use the EC3 tool to identify building materials that reduce embodied carbon.ThroughEC3,we have found opportunities to reduce concrete and steel embodied carbon by 30-60%.

Our goal is to help accelerate adoption of carbon-storing materials not only at Microsoft but industry-wide, and we’re investing in research to find sustainable materials in building foundations, structures and enclosures that can contribute to a carbon-positive architecture. One such example is our work with Carbon Leadership Forum (CLF), a nonprofit, industry-academic organization at the University of Washington. Together, we published a study that explores six low-carbon materials: earthen slabs, non-Portland cement concrete slabs, algae-grown bricks/panels, mycelium (mushroom) structural tubes, purpose-grown fiber and agricultural waste panels – that can help reduce carbon emissions and change the climate profile of building constructions. Our testing will run through the winter to validate the durability for datacenters and other building types, and we’ll share our learnings for others in the industry to implement. Lastly, we are collaborating with our colleagues in Microsoft Research who recently introduced Project Zerix, which aims to achieve net-zero embodied carbon and net-zero waste in our datacenters and beyond through biodegradable plastics, sustainable printed circuit boards and bio-concrete materials.

Progress on our journey

Our progress today is possible because of earlier investments we made in advanced datacenter development and co-development with partners on cloud-based solutions and tools that we can use in our direct operations that the broader market can use too. Some of our most recent milestones include:

  • Renewable energy and grid decarbonization: In July, we expanded on our pledge to have 100% renewable energy supply by 2025, committing to have 100% of our electricity consumption, 100% of the time, matched by zero carbon energy purchases by 2030. We refer to this as our 100/100/0 commitment. Over the last 12 months, Microsoft has signed new power purchase agreements for approximately 5.8 gigawatts of renewable energy across 10 countries around the globe. This includes over 35 individual deals, including over 15 in Europe spanning Denmark, Sweden, Spain, U.K. and Ireland. This procurement brings our operating and contracted renewable energy projects to 7.8 gigawatts globally. According to strategic research provider BloombergNEF, this progress makes Microsoft currently the largest corporate purchaser of renewable energy in 2021. But we’re not stopping there.
  • Microsoft Circular Centers: We’ve created first-of-their-kind Microsoft Circular Centers that will help us extend the life cycle of servers and reuse them to reduce waste. We also recently launched our Amsterdam Circular Center with plans to bring new Circular Centers to Boydton, Dublin, Chicago and Singapore in the coming fiscal year. In 2020, as reported to us by Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP),our top suppliers reduced their collective carbon footprint by 21 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e). Over the next year, we will extend this model to all our cloud computing assets and are on track to achieve 90% reuse.
  • LEED certification: We’ve committed to certifying all our owned datacenters to LEED (Leadership in Energy & Environmental) Gold status – demonstrating that our buildings are energy- and resource-efficient. Our Arizona datacenter region, which launched in June, is now LEED Gold certified.
  • 24/7 energy matching in action: We’re building one of our most sustainable cloud regions in Sweden set to launch later this year, which will use the first hourly energy monitoring solution we created with our partner Vattenfall, enabling us to use 100% renewable energy for each hour of consumption. This solution is available to Vattenfall customers today.
  • Working with our cloud supply chain to reduce scope 3 emissions: In support of reducing our scope 3 emissions – or all the indirect emissions of operations – our top suppliers reported reducing their collective footprint by 21 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e), according to the 2020 Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) reporting cycle. In FY21, we have expanded the number of suppliers in the program and deepened our engagement level to ensure our emissions reductions are achieved. This builds on the work mentioned above to address scope 3 emissions in our datacenter design and construction by cutting embedded carbon.

Introducing the Microsoft Cloud for Sustainability in public preview

(Video) The Decarbonization Journey to Success: How to Deliver on Net-zero and Carbon Reduction Targets

In addition to these investments in our cloud infrastructure, today we’re pleased to announce the public preview of Microsoft Cloud for Sustainability, which will allow organizations to more effectively record, report and reduce their carbon emissions on a path to net zero. It’s hard to improve or change what you can’t measure. The world needs global standards – a common foundation to ensure carbon emissions are measured in an accurate, consistent and reliable manner globally – and innovative technology solutions to reduce carbon emissions and our environmental impact.

Together with our partners and customers, we can reach net zero and create the path to carbon negative. To get there, we need to share our learnings and progress, and create new tools and solutions to benchmark where we are today, measure our progress and make them widely available. If you’d like to learn more about our datacenter operations and commitments in action today, you can visit, as well as take a virtual tour of our datacenters here.

[i] Data Centres and Data Transmission Networks – Analysis – IEA

Tags: Microsoft Cloud for Sustainability, net zero, sustainability

(Video) Investment Strategy: The narrow path to net zero


Is Microsoft net zero? ›

In 2012, Microsoft became carbon net zero.

What can I do to support net zero? ›

Top six tips to start your journey today towards a Net Zero tomorrow
  1. Choose a zero carbon backed electricity tariff. ...
  2. Cut down your energy use, and stay in shape. ...
  3. Heat electric. ...
  4. Drive electric. ...
  5. Change when you use your energy. ...
  6. Think bigger!

How can Cloud computing help reduce carbon emissions? ›

How Does Using the Cloud Reduce Emissions? At the simplest level, cloud datacenters save energy because they achieve very high virtualization ratios, typically on newer, more efficient equipment than used in on-premises set ups. And they increasingly use very high (in some cases 100%) renewable energy.

What is a net zero carbon strategy? ›

We've all heard the term net zero, but what exactly does it mean? Put simply, net zero refers to the balance between the amount of greenhouse gas produced and the amount removed from the atmosphere. We reach net zero when the amount we add is no more than the amount taken away.

What is an example of net zero? ›

This means offsetting the energy used on-site through other means. So, for example, if a project consumes 250,000 kBTU of electricity and 250,000 kBTU of natural gas it would need to produce 500,000 kBTU of on-site renewable energy in order to achieve net zero.

What is the purpose of net zero? ›

The term net-zero refers to the target of reducing the greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming to zero by balancing the amount released into the atmosphere from sources with the amount removed and stored by carbon sinks. This is also described as 'carbon neutrality' and sometimes 'climate neutrality'.

What are the 3 key aspects to consider to achieve net zero buildings? ›

There are three principles to achieve a good net-zero energy building design:
  • Building envelope measures. Not only the building should be oriented to minimize HVAC loads, but shades and overhangs should be used to reduce the direct sunrays. ...
  • Energy efficiency measures. ...
  • Renewable energy measures.

What are 4 examples of strategies to reduce carbon emissions? ›

There are many ways humankind can pitch in to help reduce carbon emissions:
  • Reduce air travel. ...
  • Make your driving more efficient. ...
  • Plant trees. ...
  • Switch to clean energy. ...
  • Eat less red meat. ...
  • Make your home more energy-efficient.
7 Jun 2021

What are the 4 benefits of cloud computing? ›

Benefits of cloud computing
  • the cost of system upgrades, new hardware and software may be included in your contract.
  • you no longer need to pay wages for expert staff.
  • your energy consumption costs may be reduced.
  • there are fewer time delays.
11 May 2022

What are the three 3 major advantages of cloud computing? ›

Benefits of Cloud Computing
  • Faster time to market. You can spin up new instances or retire them in seconds, allowing developers to accelerate development with quick deployments. ...
  • Scalability and flexibility. ...
  • Cost savings. ...
  • Better collaboration. ...
  • Advanced security. ...
  • Data loss prevention.

What is the difference between net zero and decarbonisation? ›

"Net-zero is considered the benchmark standard for decarbonisation." Net-zero has become a global rallying cry in the race to tackle climate change. "Put simply, net-zero means we are not adding new emissions to the atmosphere," says the United Nations, which is coordinating the global Race to Zero campaign.

What is one main strategy Netflix is doing to help reach net zero emissions? ›

It is optimizing energy efficiency, replacing fossil fuel energy sources with electric power and purchasing 100% renewable energy in its own operations.

What is a net zero roadmap? ›

A Net Zero Roadmap identifies the key programmes of work needed for your business to achieve net zero. Within each programme it identifies the key projects that will be needed and the time period over which they will be run.

What is net zero and how do we achieve it? ›

The term net zero means achieving a balance between the carbon emitted into the atmosphere, and the carbon removed from it. This balance – or net zero – will happen when the amount of carbon we add to the atmosphere is no more than the amount removed.

Why is decarbonization necessary? ›

Burning fossil fuels like gas or oil to provide heating, cooling, and hot water in buildings is a big source of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Eliminating the carbon emissions from buildings through decarbonization efforts helps meet emission reduction goals to mitigate climate change.

How do you build a net zero? ›

The 5 Net-Zero Building Techniques
  1. Design for an Energy-Efficient Building. The first step in any construction project is the design phase. ...
  2. Utilize Green Construction Technology. ...
  3. Super-Insulate and Super-Seal the Building Envelope. ...
  4. Utilize the Power of Solar Energy. ...
  5. Install Energy Efficient Systems and Appliances.
16 Jan 2020

What will happen if we don't reach net zero? ›

Wildfires, droughts, floods, crop failure, famine, mass migration and the destruction of ecosystems, communities and wildlife – these are just some of the predicted outcomes should the world reach a tipping point where we cannot reverse unmitigated global warming.

What does a net zero strategy look like? ›

Getting to net zero means removing as many emissions as we produce, which is vital if we're to get a grip on climate breakdown. That includes polluting less and holding big fossil fuel companies to account, as well as re-thinking how we use our land and natural resources.

Which strategy could a company implement to reach its goal of net-zero energy in production? ›

Renewable Energy

The strategy is simple: Use natural energy sources like the wind or the sun to generate electricity. For a building to reach net-zero, this strategy must produce enough electricity to cover what it uses annually.

What are 5 key areas that will allow net zero by 2050 to be achieved? ›

5 Things to Know About the IEA's Roadmap to Net Zero by 2050
  • net-zero emissions.
  • renewable energy.
  • fossil fuels.
  • Clean Energy.
  • carbon capture and storage (CCS)
  • carbon removal.
  • climate finance.
21 May 2021

What is the fastest way to reduce carbon emissions? ›

Most of these are fairly quick and easy to implement, meaning you can start living a more eco-friendly life in no time at all:
  1. Insulate your home. ...
  2. Switch to renewables. ...
  3. Buy energy efficient. ...
  4. Use less water. ...
  5. Change your diet. ...
  6. Turn off the lights. ...
  7. Cycle to work. ...
  8. Reduce, reuse, recycle.
12 Jan 2021

What are 3 things that you can do to lessen your carbon emissions? ›

Here are 10 easy ways you can start making a difference:
  • Stop buying your water in plastic. ...
  • Incorporate walking or biking to some of your regular short-trip destinations. ...
  • Turn off lights and unplug devices when you're not using them. ...
  • Keep the tires on your car properly inflated and get regular tune-ups.

What are 10 ways to reduce your carbon footprint? ›

10 ways to reduce your carbon footprint and waste output
  • Recycle more. Make a pledge to recycle your waste and take advantage of your local recycling facilities. ...
  • Cut out plastic. ...
  • Minimise food waste. ...
  • Save water. ...
  • Use eco-friendly products. ...
  • Fertilise your garden. ...
  • Grow vegetables and herbs. ...
  • Reduce electricity usage.

What is the 5 advantages of cloud computing? ›

Other Important Benefits of Cloud Computing

Offers Resilient Computing. Fast and effective virtualization. Provide you low-cost software. Offers advanced online security.

What is the biggest benefit of cloud computing? ›

The Top 10 Benefits of Cloud Computing
  • Accessibility anywhere, with any device. ...
  • Ability to get rid of most or all hardware and software. ...
  • Centralized data security. ...
  • Higher performance and availability. ...
  • Quick application deployment. ...
  • Instant business insights. ...
  • Business continuity. ...
  • Price-performance and cost savings.

What are the 3 common reasons to use the cloud? ›

Let's look at some of the most common reasons to use the cloud.
  • File storage: You can store all types of information in the cloud, including files and email. ...
  • File sharing: The cloud makes it easy to share files with several people at the same time. ...
  • Backing up data: You can also use the cloud to protect your files.

What is the purpose of cloud computing? ›

Simply put, cloud computing is the delivery of computing services—including servers, storage, databases, networking, software, analytics, and intelligence—over the Internet (“the cloud”) to offer faster innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale.

What are the four pillars of deep decarbonization laid out by the zero carbon Action Plan? ›

The strategy for transitioning from the fossil fuel status quo to a low-carbon energy future builds on four pillars: (1) using energy more efficiently (2) decarbonizing electricity; (3) switching from fossil fuel combustion to electricity in most current uses; and (4) carbon capture and storage (CCS).

Which country has net zero carbon emissions? ›

As far as early achievers go, Bhutan and Suriname are the only two countries that have achieved carbon neutrality and are actually carbon negative (removing more carbon than they emit).
The Timeline of Carbon Neutral Targets by Country.
CountryTarget Year
6 more rows
8 Jun 2021

What is better carbon neutral or net-zero? ›

Net zero is similar in principle to carbon neutrality, but is expanded in scale. To achieve net zero means to go beyond the removal of just carbon emissions. Net zero refers to all greenhouse gases being emitted into the atmosphere, such as methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and other hydrofluorocarbons.

What are positives of trying to reach net zero emissions? ›

Lower energy costs

Since reducing greenhouse gas emissions usually involves reducing energy use, a major benefit of net zero is lower energy costs. With energy prices rising globally, this is a particularly timely benefit.

Which of the following are key strategies in achieving net zero carbon? ›

  • Business strategy integration. Like any important business initiative, an organization's decarbonization efforts should be fully integrated into its existing business strategy. ...
  • Operational reductions. ...
  • Value chain reductions. ...
  • Remaining emissions. ...
  • Prioritizing net-zero efforts.
29 Jul 2021

What are the climate technologies needed for net zero? ›

A critical prerequisite for the success of many climate technologies—including green methanol and green hydrogen, other synthetic fuels, green steel, and carbon capture—is the buildout of capacity to generate and store renewable electricity.

What kind of strategies can be used to achieve net zero? ›

Invest in removing greenhouse gases within your value chain

Many organisations' ambitions to achieve a Net Zero performance will require investing in solutions outside of their operations, using techniques such as carbon capture and use to neutralize residual emissions.

How do you transition to net zero? ›

Effective actions to accelerate decarbonization include shifting the energy mix away from fossil fuels and toward zero-emissions electricity and other low-emissions energy sources such as hydrogen; adapting industrial and agricultural processes; increasing energy efficiency and managing demand for energy; utilizing the ...

Is Microsoft really carbon neutral? ›

Microsoft has set of goal of becoming carbon negative by 2030. By that time, the company has promised to slash its scope 3 emissions in half compared to its 2020 levels and offset the remaining carbon.

Is Google net zero? ›

Google is carbon neutral for our operations today, but aiming higher: our goal is to run on carbon-free energy, 24/7, at all of our data centers by 2030. Plus, we're sharing technology, methods, and funding to enable organizations around the world to transition to more carbon-free and sustainable systems.

Is Google net 0? ›

While Google has set its net-zero goal for 2030, its progress on the other demands are less clear. In 2020, Google said it would stop making customized A.I. or machine learning tools for the oil and gas industry.

Is Google a net zero company? ›

Since 2007, Google claims it has been carbon-neutral, meaning the tech company purchased the same quantity of carbon offsets and renewable energy to make the company's net operational carbon emissions zero.

How is Microsoft being environmentally friendly? ›

Eliminating carbon emissions by 2050

We are dedicated to finding solutions that have the greatest possible good impact, are transparent, and use market intelligence as one of the first businesses to source carbon removal.

How is Microsoft environmentally friendly? ›

In their 2020 Sustainability Report, Microsoft announces other promising targets, including 60K metric tons of waste being diverted from landfills and 1.3M metric tons of carbon removal procured over the last year. These stats show Microsoft is heading in the right direction.

Which is better carbon neutral or net-zero? ›

In short, carbon neutrality means that you can compensate for your emissions (again, typically with offsets), while net-zero requires abatement of your emissions—you have to actually get rid of them through efficiency, electrification, renewables, and other means.

Which countries signed up for net zero? ›

Only five countries have net zero pledges set for after 2050, including Australia and Singapore, which haven't set a firm target yet. Targeting 2060, in addition to Ukraine and Kazakhstan, is the world's largest emitter, China.
The Timeline of Carbon Neutral Targets by Country.
CountryTarget Year
9 more rows
8 Jun 2021

What will happen if we reach net zero? ›

Put simply, net zero means cutting greenhouse gas emissions to as close to zero as possible, with any remaining emissions re-absorbed from the atmosphere, by oceans and forests for instance.

Which countries are leading net zero? ›

Surprisingly, despite acting as one of the world's largest gas and oil exporters, Norway is considered best prepared to reach net-zero by 2050.
The countries that are best prepared to reach net zero emissions:
  • Norway.
  • The United Kingdom.
  • Sweden.
  • Denmark.
  • Germany.
  • France.
  • Japan.
  • Canada.
29 Jul 2022

What is the difference between zero and net zero? ›

Net zero is similar in principle to carbon neutrality, but is expanded in scale. To achieve net zero means to go beyond the removal of just carbon emissions.

Which country is carbon negative? ›

Bhutan has made possible what no other country has been able to achieve. This carbon-negative country has shown us how we can address climate change with compassion, commitment and creativity and come out on top.

Are Amazon net zero? ›

Amazon's overarching emissions commitment is to reach net-zero across all scopes by 2040 at the latest.

Are there any net zero companies? ›

Out of 55 major U.S. companies ranked in a new report, only three—Microsoft, PepsiCo, and Ecolab—received an overall A grade on their net-zero efforts.

Where is the net zero company located? ›

Net Zero Company claims they are from Vancouver but their products are shipped from a distribution facility in China.

Is net zero a good thing? ›

In principle, the idea of net-zero offers countries and companies flexibility in meeting climate goals. But in practice, critics say that net-zero pledges delay meaningful reductions in greenhouse gases and provide cover to those unwilling to take immediate steps to limit emissions.


1. Jesse Jenkins : The Inflation Reduction Act and the Path to a Net Zero America
(Princeton University C-PREE)
2. AHR | Retrofitting for Net Zero: Decarbonization, Electrification and the Role of Smart Buildings
(Cochrane Supply & Engineering)
3. How business can achieve net zero | SpectatorTV
(The Spectator)
4. Net Zero Industry Transition with the Consumer Goods Forum | COP26 | Accenture
5. MSCI Net-Zero Now Documentary
6. Google's path to net-zero: Decarbonising the energy industry and beyond - SET TALK
(Start Up Energy Transition by dena and WEC)

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