Safety and security - South Africa travel advice (2022)


Call the police (on 10111 or on 112 from a mobile phone) at the first sign of danger. Mobile phone reception is generally good in major towns and cities but can be intermittent in more remote spots.

Crime increases in areas where large crowds gather, so be particularly vigilant if you’re attending sporting or other events that attract large numbers.

Violent crime

South Africa has a high rate of crime, including carjacking, house robbery, rape, and murder. The risk of violent crime to visitors travelling to the main tourist destinations is generally low. The South African Tourism Police prioritise protecting tourists and are deployed in several towns and cities. However you should always remain vigilant, as police resourcing can be limited.

The most violent crimes tend to occur in townships on the outskirts of major cities and isolated areas, but violent crime is not limited to these areas. Violent crime, including rape, sexual assault and robbery, can take place anywhere, including in public areas such as popular tourist spots and transport hubs. Try to travel with a friend, or ensure that a friend or responsible person is aware of your itinerary.

If you choose to visit a township, you should use a responsible and reliable tour guide and should not travel to townships without one.

Central business districts (CBDs) of major cities have a greater threat of crime than suburban areas, and the threat increases after dark. If you are visiting the CBD of any major city, follow basic security advice: remain alert, do not leave valuables on show, and take safe and reliable transport to and from your destination, be wary of people who approach you, and do not walk around after dark.

(Video) Is Cape Town Safe for Tourists? Loads of Safety Tips & Advice

Following a recent violent attack resulting in the death of a tourist, SANParks have urged visitors to avoid the Numbi gate entrance to Kruger National Park. There have been protests and violent incidents on the R538 road leading to the gate and you should follow the SANParks advice on using alternative entrances. If you are staying outside the park, we recommend you contact your lodge ahead of time to understand if there are any disruptions that will affect your trip. You can stay up to date with SANParks news here.

Be wary of criminals posing as officials. If in doubt, ask to see their ID and move into a safe, public and open space. All police officers must carry their Appointment Certificate on them. If you have any concerns, you can call the police on 10111 or emergency services on 112, or alert someone who can assist.


If you’re hiking in national parks, South African National Parks advise that you hike in groups of four or more and stick to popular designated trails on popular days (e.g. weekends). You should plan your route, be prepared for bad weather and inform someone of when you expect to return. There have been violent attacks on hikers and tourists within Table Mountain National Park. Take care in quieter areas of the park, especially early in the morning or just before the park closes. Cape Town residents use social media (Meet up, Facebook) to coordinate hikes in larger groups. More advice on hiking on Table Mountain is available on the South African Nationals Parks website.

Across South Africa, avoid isolated beaches and picnic spots. Don’t walk alone in remote areas or on beaches after dark or when beachgoers have left.

Fraud and scams

British nationals are increasingly targeted by scam artists. Scams come in many forms including romance and friendship, business ventures and promises of employment opportunities or visa facilitation.

There is a high incidence of credit card fraud, fraud involving ATMs and ‘card skimming’. Hide your PIN when withdrawing money from an ATM or making a card payment. Be aware of potential fraudsters, for example strangers offering to “help” when your card doesn’t work; or who try to lure you to an ATM by telling you that you need a permit to walk in public areas. Do not change large sums of money in busy public areas. Try to use ATMs in banks or secure shopping malls and be discreet when making withdrawals.

Protect documents containing details of credit cards or bank accounts and do not give personal or financial account information details to anyone.

(Video) Safety and Security in South Africa

Sophisticated scam artists may use social media and dating platforms to engage with victims. Be wary and do not meet up if you have any doubt about the person.

If you choose to retain the services of a visa agent, be wary of fraudulent agents who promise faster turnaround times. Always make sure to follow the correct visa application process through the department of Home Affairs.

Scams can pose a physical danger and great financial risk to victims. Do not send money to somebody you do not know. The British High Commission and Consulate General will never contact members of the public regarding personal financial matters including on behalf of any UK banks or other financial institutions. You should report these calls to the police.

Be wary of criminals posing as officials for financial or personal gain and follow the precautions in the Violent Crime section.

Criminal kidnaps

There is an increasing threat of kidnap throughout South Africa. Kidnaps are generally for financial gain or motivated by criminality. In recent years, several foreign nationals, including British nationals, have been kidnapped.

British nationals can be perceived as being wealthier than locals and may be at particular risk of kidnap for financial gain.


There have been incidents involving people being followed from OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg to their destinations and then robbed, often at gunpoint. There have also been incidents of crime in and around the airport itself. Be vigilant in and around the airport and when driving away. Once outside the baggage hall, pass through public areas rapidly, avoiding isolated areas. If you are unfamiliar with the airport, consider arranging to be met on arrival, for example by your hotel or tour operator. If you are in transit, proceed quickly to your connecting flight.

(Video) Most South Africans don't feel safe in their neighborhoods

Opportunistic thefts, including of baggage and valuables, can occur at airports in South Africa. Consider vacuum-wrapping luggage where local regulations permit. Keep all valuables in your carry-on luggage, and look after it.

See guidance on using Ubers in the Road travel section below.

Vehicle crime

Incidents of vehicle hijacking and robbery are common, particularly after dark. Keep to main roads and park in well-lit areas. Vulnerable areas include, but are not limited to: traffic lights, junctions, petrol stations and when approaching or pulling out from driveways. Always take care and be aware of your surroundings.

Try to avoid being stationary in your vehicle for prolonged periods of time, (e.g. by paying inside the shop rather than waiting in the car when you stop for fuel). Keep your windows closed, especially when stationary at junctions. Criminals have been known to employ various methods in order to force a vehicle to stop. Common tactics include throwing spikes (these may have been hidden in plastic bags), stones or glass in front of the vehicle in order to rob the occupants. Should your vehicle be targeted then drive as far as safely possible before you stop.

Don’t pick up strangers or stop to help apparently distressed motorists, as this is a technique sometimes used by hijackers. It is better to continue and report any incident to the police. If you are involved in a hi-jacking, remain calm and surrender your valuables, and your vehicle if asked. Do not try to resist.

There are frequent incidents of car windows being broken and valuables taken while cars are waiting at junctions. Keep valuables out of sight. You can protect yourself further by asking your hire care company for a vehicle with ‘smash and grab’ film installed on the windows.

Car remote jamming is used by criminals to disable a vehicle’s central locking system. You should always double check that your car doors are locked before you walk away from your car.

(Video) How to Keep Your Luggage Safe From Thieves When Traveling

Further information

The South African authorities publish indicative statistics on crime on the Statistics South Africa website.

Protests and demonstrations

There are regular protest marches and strike related demonstrations, and periodic incidents of public disorder across South Africa, which can turn violent. Such protests, marches and demonstrations can occur anywhere in South Africa, sometimes at short notice. You should avoid areas where protests, demonstrations, or marches are taking place, especially in city centres and townships. Don’t attempt to cross protester roadblocks as this could provoke a violent reaction. You should monitor local and social media for updates, including local radio.

Road travel

Licences and documents

You can drive in South Africa with a valid UK photocard driving licence for up to 12 months. If you have a paper licence, you should also get an International Driving Permit (IDP) before you travel. If you’re living in South Africa, you should exchange your UK licence for a local licence within 12 months of your arrival. See our Living in South Africa guide for more information.

There are ongoing tensions between Uber and metered taxi drivers, which at times escalate into armed violence. Tensions have been particularly strong at taxi ranks outside some Gautrain stations and airports. Uber passengers have reported being on the receiving end of harassment from metered drivers. The Uber app generally reports where the trouble spots are, but you should exercise caution when using either service.

Uber scams do occur in major cities. Uber is generally safe to use in South Africa, but you should ensure you check the registration of the vehicle, and the identity of the driver, before embarking on your journey. It is safest to avoid waiting in the street for your Uber if you can and to not have your phone or other valuables on display. At airports, be wary of unregulated drivers posing as Uber drivers. If you order an Uber, go to the designated area and vehicle as displayed in the app.

Road safety

The standard of driving in South Africa varies. Road accidents resulting in death are common, particularly around major public holidays. On highways, overtaking or undertaking can occur in any lane including the hard shoulder. On single-lane roads the hard shoulder is also sometimes used by trucks and slower vehicles to allow faster vehicles to overtake. At most intersections, including 4-way stops and where traffic lights are out of service, the first vehicle to arrive generally has priority. On roundabouts, you should give way to the right, although this rule is often ignored.

Road standards are mostly very good, but some roads in remote areas are less well maintained and may have potholes. If you are travelling to a lodge in a remote area, you should check the condition of the roads with the lodge management as a car with good ground clearance may be required. Drive cautiously, obey speed limits and avoid unfamiliar rural areas at night. You can learn more about road safety awareness by visiting the Arrive Alive website.

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Rail travel

You’re advised not to use the Metrorail suburban railway in the larger cities of South Africa and the long distance train services operated by the Passenger Rail Authority of South Africa (PRASA). Both are unreliable and have high crime levels including theft of infrastructure and criminal activity on board trains.

The ‘Gautrain’ high speed commuter train service which runs between Johannesburg, Pretoria and the Oliver Tambo International Airport is secure and reliable. Walking to and from Gautrain stations after dark is not advisable.

Water safety

Beach conditions and local safety provisions vary and every year significant numbers of people drown due to the strong sea currents. Most beaches do not have warning signs, flags or life-saving equipment. In the absence of warning signs, you can speak to local people who are familiar with the conditions. If in doubt, do not enter the water. On busier tourist beaches, follow instructions from lifeguards and any warnings that may be displayed. Watch this video to understand how to avoid being caught in a rip current, and contact the National Sea Rescue Institute in case of emergency.


What is the safest way to travel in South Africa? ›

Safe transport in South Africa
  • Do not drive long distances after dark. ...
  • Fill up your tank before setting off. ...
  • Obey traffic laws and speed limits. ...
  • Don't stop to help someone. ...
  • Don't pick up hitchhikers. ...
  • Keep your car doors locked at all times. ...
  • Hire a car with air conditioning. ...
  • Check your car is locked properly.

Is South Africa safe travel safe abroad? ›

South Africa has a very high level of crime. Crime is the primary security threat to travellers. Violent crimes, including rape and murder, occur frequently and have involved foreigners. Muggings, armed assaults and theft are also frequent, often occurring in areas that are popular among tourists.

What are the travel restrictions for South Africa? ›

Entry & Exit Requirements

UPDATE: The South African Government announced on June 22, 2022, that the remaining COVID-19 regulations have been repealed. Travelers entering South Africa are no longer required to produce vaccination certificates or recent negative PCR tests.

What vaccinations do I need to travel to South Africa? ›

Courses or boosters usually advised: Diphtheria; Hepatitis A. Other vaccines to consider: Hepatitis B; Rabies; Tetanus; Typhoid. Selectively advised vaccines - only for those individuals at highest risk: none.

What should I be careful of in South Africa? ›

South Africa has a high rate of crime, including carjacking, house robbery, rape, and murder. The risk of violent crime to visitors travelling to the main tourist destinations is generally low. The South African Tourism Police prioritise protecting tourists and are deployed in several towns and cities.

Which part of South Africa is the safest? ›

10 Safest Cities in South Africa
  • Cape Town, South Africa.
  • George, South Africa.
  • Paarl, South Africa.
  • Kimberly, South Africa.
  • Upington, South Africa.
  • Jan Kempdorp, South Africa.
  • Cape St Francis, South Africa.
  • Port St. Johns, South Africa.

Do and don'ts in travelling? ›

15 simple travel safety tips everyone should know
  • Don't wear flashy jewelry. ...
  • Drink responsibly. ...
  • Be smart about your money. ...
  • Be aware of popular scams. ...
  • Know the phone number for emergency services. ...
  • Use the right bag. ...
  • Bring travel locks and use them. ...
  • Keep digital copies of important documents.

Is South Africa safe for female tourists? ›

Women. Women traveling to South Africa should take some extra precautions. There is a high rate of sexual assault and harassment in the country. It is essential to be aware of your surroundings and not walk alone at night.

Is a PCR test required to leave South Africa? ›

A passenger must provide to the Operator a negative PCR test certificate or a valid COVID-19 negative test certificate, obtained not more than 72 hours before the date of travel, from an accredited laboratory and in line with the World Health Organization requirements.

What level is South Africa on now? ›

Coronavirus COVID-19 Alert level 1.

Do you still need to be vaccinated to travel? ›

Air Travel: All non-U.S. citizen, non-U.S. immigrants traveling to the United States by air are required to show proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19. Only limited exceptions apply. Learn more about this requirement and accepted vaccines.

What is fully vaccinated in South Africa? ›

You are fully vaccinated when: You have completed a course of vaccination, and. You have waited for the period after your last dose which applies to the vaccine you received.

Do I need malaria pills for South Africa? ›

CDC recommends that travelers going to certain areas of South Africa take prescription medicine to prevent malaria. Depending on the medicine you take, you will need to start taking this medicine multiple days before your trip, as well as during and after your trip.

Do you need yellow fever vaccine to go to South Africa? ›


South Africa considers a one-time dose of yellow fever vaccine (properly documented with an ICVP) to be good for the life of the traveler. Any traveler not meeting this requirement can be refused entry to South Africa or quarantined for up to 6 days.

What is the best month to travel to South Africa? ›

The best time to visit South Africa is between May and October which bring perfect weather conditions for wildlife viewing. From November to February, expect some rain and plenty of opportunities for birding. The best time to visit South Africa for surfing is March to September.

How safe is Johannesburg airport? ›

Re: Is Johannesburg Airport safe? Yes, the airport is safe. I have been stuck in the airport for many many hours waiting for my flight. There is a hotel across the street within walking distance if one needs to spend the night.

What shouldn't you do in South Africa? ›

12 Things Not To Do In South Africa
  • Don't Expect Wild Animals Wherever You Go.
  • Don't Forget To Tip.
  • Don't Go Around Flaunting Your Valuable Items.
  • Do Not Assume That The Locals Can't Speak English.
  • Don't Stroll Around Without Knowing Where To Go.
  • Avoid Going For An Unplanned Tour.
23 Nov 2021

How would you keep yourself safe while travelling? ›

Travel safety
  1. Keep your travel plans, including accommodation details, to yourself.
  2. Don't hitch hike.
  3. Try not to travel at night.
  4. Avoid 'seedier' areas of the cities you visit, especially at night.
  5. Ask your hotel manager for advice on 'safe' versus 'unsafe' local areas.

Is Port Elizabeth safer than Cape Town? ›

Similar to Cape Town, the city has nice areas with high security but the neighborhoods around the city center have been plagued with violent crime. Port Elizabeth – largest city on the Eastern Cape and the 10th most dangerous city according to the data.

Is South Africa a good place to travel? ›

South Africa is one of the most beautiful destinations you'll ever visit! South Africa is so special and unique that it's often called The World in One Country. And so it is! S-A is like a perfect mix of the very best of the entire world in one place.

How safe is Johannesburg for tourists? ›

Johannesburg is a really fun city to visit, with plenty to entertain tourists. But it does have a particularly high crime rate. There are areas to avoid, like everywhere, and it's best to ask a local guide or hotel staff about specifics and not to go a-wandering.

What are 5 things you need to travel? ›

Top 5 Things to Remember When Traveling
  • First aid kit.
  • Prescription medications.
  • Sunscreen.
  • Your ID.
  • Passport.
  • Hotel reservations and itineraries.
  • Headphones.
  • Electronic devices and chargers.
7 Aug 2020

What should be kept in mind before Travelling? ›

Things You Should Keep In Mind While Traveling
  • Travel light. ...
  • Learn to meet new people. ...
  • Know your alcohol limits. ...
  • Keep your friends informed. ...
  • Map out a plan.
9 Aug 2022

Is Cape Town safe to walk around? ›

As was highlighted above, the level of crime in Cape Town is significantly higher than in other areas of the world. Although it isn't at the top of the lists for the most crime incurred, even within South Africa, it does see its fair share. This level has also seen a steady incline for the past three years.

Is South Africa safe right now? ›

Exercise increased caution in South Africa due to crime and civil unrest. Country Summary: Violent crime, such as armed robbery, rape, carjacking, mugging, and "smash-and-grab" attacks on vehicles, is common.

Is it safe to walk in South Africa? ›

Don't Walk at Night

Even in a group, pickpocketing can occur, but it's much more likely to happen when walking alone. Avoid walking alone when possible, especially at night.

How much is PCR test in South Africa? ›

Traveller COVID-19 RT-PCR tests cost R500. 00, the COVID-19 IgM Antibody test costs R274.

How much does a Covid test cost in South Africa? ›

How much does the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) antibody test cost? The current SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) antibody cash price is R230. 00 and the IgM antibody cash price is R274.

Do you need to do a Covid test before flying? ›

Different airlines and countries have different requirements regarding when a test must be taken. Many require a negative PCR test to have been carried out no more than 72 hours before a flight, but please check the government's foreign travel advice for your destination to establish their exact requirements.

What level is 2022 in South Africa? ›

The National State of Disaster has been lifted as from 5 April 2022. Adjusted alert level 1 was in place from 1 October 2021 to 4 April 2022. Adjusted alert level 2 was in place from 13 to 30 September 2021. Adjusted alert level 3 was in place from 26 July to 12 September 2021.

Where is South Africa rated in the world? ›

Switzerland returns to the top spot in the overall 2022 Best Countries ranking, ahead of Germany and Canada – while South Africa moves down a spot to 42nd overall.

What is the current isolation period for Covid in South Africa? ›

You can end your home quarantine 14 days after your last contact with a person with COVID-19.

Can I travel if I just got vaccinated? ›

If you've had all recommended COVID-19 vaccine doses, including boosters, you're less likely to become seriously ill or spread COVID-19 . You can then travel more safely within the U.S. and internationally. But international travel can still increase your risk of getting new COVID-19 variants.

Do you have to be vaccinated to fly internationally? ›

CDC Guidance

The CDC recommends that you do not travel internationally until you are fully vaccinated. International travel poses additional risks, and even fully vaccinated travelers might be at increased risk for getting and possibly spreading some COVID-19 variants.

Which countries are banned from entering South Africa? ›

Key travel restrictions:
  • Travel ban. Starting March 18, foreign nationals from the following high-risk countries will be banned from entering South Africa: China, Germany, Iran, Italy, South Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. ...
  • Visas. ...
  • Screening. ...
  • South African citizens. ...
  • Ports of entry. ...
  • Groups.

Does fully vaccinated mean booster? ›

The definition of fully vaccinated does not include a COVID-19 booster. Fully vaccinated, however, is not the same as having the best protection. People are best protected when they stay up to date with COVID-19 vaccinations, which includes getting a booster when eligible.

Who should not take Covid-19 vaccine? ›

If you are allergic to PEG, you should not get an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine. Ask your doctor if you can get the J&J/Janssen vaccine. If you are allergic to polysorbate, you should not get the J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine. Ask your doctor if you can get an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.

What are the chances of getting malaria in South Africa? ›

In South Africa, malaria is mainly transmitted along the border areas. Some parts of South Africa's nine provinces (Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal) are endemic for malaria, and 10% of the population (approximately 4.9 million persons) is at risk of contracting the disease.

Are malaria tablets worth taking? ›

no antimalarial tablets are 100% effective, but taking them and following bite prevention advice significantly reduces your chance of catching malaria. antimalarial tablets do not prevent malaria parasites entering your body, but they do help to stop the infection establishing and symptoms developing.

How far in advance do you need malaria pills? ›

Begin 1-2 days before travel, daily during travel, and for 7 days after leaving. Adults: 300 mg base (500 mg salt), once/week. Children: 5 mg/kg base (8.3 mg/kg salt) (maximum is adult dose), once/week. Begin 1-2 weeks before travel, once/week during travel, and for 4 weeks after leaving.

What travel vaccines do I need for South Africa? ›

Courses or boosters usually advised: Diphtheria; Hepatitis A. Other vaccines to consider: Hepatitis B; Rabies; Tetanus; Typhoid. Selectively advised vaccines - only for those individuals at highest risk: none.

What shots do you need to travel to South Africa? ›

The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccinations for South Africa: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, yellow fever, rabies, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia and influenza. Shot lasts 2 years.

Do you need proof of vaccination to fly to South Africa? ›

Entry & Exit Requirements

Travelers entering South Africa are no longer required to produce vaccination certificates or recent negative PCR tests.

How many days are enough for South Africa trip? ›

While 10 days is the most popular duration for kimkim travelers, two weeks is recommended for a satisfying trip to South Africa. You can venture farther outside Cape Town, discover the Winelands, drive the Garden Route, and go on a safari (or two) in Kruger National Park.

How many days are enough for South Africa? ›

For most first time international travellers to South Africa we would recommend 8-12 days as a starting point, as South Africa has an extensive variety of attractions on offer. Cape Town cannot be justified in less than 4 days. A night (or two) in the nearby Cape Winelands or Whale Coast is a great add-on.

Which month is the rainiest in South Africa? ›

Annual precipitation is 469.9 mm, with highest rainfall occurring November to March, coupled with extremely low precipitation occurring between June to August.

What is the safest place to travel in Africa? ›

Mauritius ranks as the safest country in Africa on the Global Peace Index. An island nation and multiracial country where people speak Urdu, Hindi, English, French, and Spanish, Mauritius has a low poverty rate and secure beach resorts.

How can I stay safe in Johannesburg? ›

Any cameras or valuables should be kept out of sight when you're not using them, and don't wear flashy jewellery. Try not to walk at night, but if you must, walk in a group. If you decide to try a bit of al fresco dining (day or night), ensure your valuables are stowed safely under the table or between your feet.

What is the safest country in Africa 2022? ›

1.570. The safest country in Africa, Mauritius also ranked as the 28th-safest country in the world in 2022.

What is the nicest country in Africa? ›

Africa's most beautiful countries that deserve a visit
  • Egypt. Also referred to as 'the cradle of civilization', Egypt is the art and museum centre of Africa. ...
  • Tunisia. ...
  • Kenya. ...
  • South Africa. ...
  • Nigeria. ...
  • Morocco. ...
  • Tanzania. ...
  • Mauritius.
14 Jun 2022

What country has the lowest crime rate? ›

Top 20 Safest Countries in the World (2022 Global Peace Index — lower is better):
  • Iceland — 1.107.
  • New Zealand — 1.269.
  • Ireland — 1.288.
  • Denmark — 1.296.
  • Austria — 1.300.
  • Portugal — 1.301.
  • Slovenia — 1.316.
  • Czech Republic — 1.318.

What are the 5 Tips for Safe? ›

Top safety tips!
  • Improve safety culture. My number one tip is to improve your workplace safety culture! ...
  • Avoid worker fatigue. ...
  • Hazard communication. ...
  • Take breaks to move. ...
  • Keep good posture. ...
  • Ensure everyone is wearing PPE. ...
  • Use tools and machines properly. ...
  • Always be aware of emergency exits and plans.
19 Jul 2019

How safe is Cape Town for tourists? ›

You'll be pleased to know that Cape Town is safe to travel alone. Of course, traveling by yourself anywhere in the world comes with its own problems. Solo travelers are often easier targets for thieves and can be more susceptible to attack. If you follow our Cape Town safety tips, you should be fine!

Is it safe for tourists in Johannesburg? ›

The truth is Johannesburg is as safe as any other metropolis in the world. There are areas in Johannesburg that are ok to visit and areas you can visit but must take precautions.


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