How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (2022)

Microsoft Edge may be one of the newest entrants in the browser arena but has already garnered traction among the users. Moreover, it has been built from scratch, keeping in mind the performance, privacy, and security as one of the important criteria. With around 7% of market share and backing from Microsoft, Edge has gathered a great brand reputation. So, this has become quite crucial for the testing teams to test their web applications on the Edge browser. Additionally, testing on multiple browsers ensures compatibility and makes sure that the application performs flawlessly on different browser platforms. Like other browser vendors, Microsoft Edge also provides a driver named "EdgeDriver", which acts as an intermediatory between Selenium and the Edge browser and helps in executing the Selenium test cases on the Edge browser.

Subsequently, in this article, we will cover the details of how we can Run Selenium test on Edge browser using EdgeDriver by covering the details on the following topics:

  • What is Selenium EdgeDriver?
  • What are the pre-requisites for Selenium EdgeDriver?
  • How to install EdgeDriver on Windows?
  • How to download EdgeDriver on Windows?
  • And how to setup EdgeDriver on Windows?
  • And how to run Selenium tests on Edge Browser on Windows?
  • How to install EdgeDriver on macOS?
  • How to download EdgeDriver in macOS?
  • And how to setup EdgeDriver on macOS?
  • And how to run Selenium tests on Edge Browser on Mac?

What is Selenium EdgeDriver?

Microsoft offers Microsoft WebDriver to execute the Selenium WebDriver automation tests on the Edge browser. Additionally, the driver allows the selenium tests to communicate with the Edge browser for executing Selenium tests. Moreover, the Edge driver comes with different versions depending upon your browser version or whether your system is x86 or x64. Any version can be downloaded based on the browser version that you want to use.

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (1)

Further, Microsoft, in January 2020, announced an all-new version of the Edge browser. The new version has been build on top of the Chromium engine, similar to Google Chrome. Moreover, the previous version of the Microsoft Edge browser was based on the EdgeHTML engine. Subsequently, to understand the difference between these two browser engines, you can refer to the link "Difference between browser enginers. " To distinguish between both versions of the Edge browser, Microsoft calls the Chromium version simply as "Edge" and the older version as "Edge Legacy".

So, while downloading, make sure that you download the correct driver for Edge or Edge Legacy based on your current browser version.

What are the pre-requisites for Selenium EdgeDriver?

Before we can jump on writing our Selenium tests for the Edge browser, lets first look at a few of the prerequisites that are required for executing our Selenium tests. Subsequently, we will look at all the configurations and programs that we are needed for running the Selenium test cases on the Edge browser:

  1. Edge Browser:The most obvious prerequisite, make sure that you have installed the Edge browser on your system. In addition to this, we would recommend the newest version, but the existing version will work as good as long as you can get the right driver for the specified version.
  2. Java JDK: JDK or Java Development Kit is required for writing java programs. As we will be writing our Selenium tests in java, having JDK is a must. Moreover, to know how to download and install Java JDK, read the complete tutorial here: How to install Java?
  3. Eclipse IDE: Eclipse is one of the most popular Java IDE in the market. Additionally, you can download one easily from its official site and set it up for java programming. Moreover, to learn about Eclipse and its setup, read our previous tutorial on the same: Download and Install Eclipse.
  4. Selenium: Latest version of the Selenium WebDriver will be required for setup. However, you can use any of the latest stable version. In this tutorial, we will be using the latest Selenium 4. Additionally, you can learn to set up Selenium with Eclipse here: Configure Selenium WebDriver.

How to install EdgeDriver on Windows?

Once we are done with all the prerequisites downloads and setups, we are ready to move ahead. The next step will be to install the EdgeDriver on the Windows platform. Consequently, let's start with downloading the EdgeDriver compatible with the Edge browser on your machine.

How to download EdgeDriver on Windows?

Before we start to download the EdgeDriver, we will first need to check the version of the Edge browser in our system. As the EdgeDriver version depends upon the browser version, it becomes a necessity to download the compatible version of the driver. You can check the version of the Edge browser by following the steps as mentioned below:

  1. First, open the Edge browser and click on the "Settings and More" (the three dots) at the right top corner or press alt + F.

  2. Secondly, hover over "Help and Feedback " in the settings menu.

    (Video) Executing Selenium Scripts on Edge Browser

  3. Thirdly, click on About Microsoft Edge.

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (2)

  1. Consequently, this will open up the page with all the details about your Edge browser.

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (3)

Now, as we have the version of the Microsoft Edge browser, we can go ahead and download the EdgeDriver form the official Microsoft Edge WebDriver site. Follow the steps as mentioned below to download the EdgeDriver:

  1. First, navigate to the download page of the Microsoft Edge WebDriver.

  2. Second, scroll down a little to the download section and select the compatible version as shown below:

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (4)

  1. Thirdly, make sure to download the correct version. In the above image, we have shown x86 and x64 are the compatible versions for the Windows platform; you can download any version that is compatible with your browser and operating system. For example, as our browser version is 84 (64-bit), we will be downloading the x64 version for the Release 84.

  2. After that, once the download is complete, extract the zip file and place the content at any preferred location.

  3. Now, open eclipse and create a Java project. Add all the dependencies to the project. Additionally, to learn how to set up a Java project along with Selenium WebDriver in Eclipse, visit our detailed tutorial at Configure Selenium WebDriver.

Now that we have downloaded the EdgeDriver let's see how we can configure the same, so as the same can be used in the Selenium test scripts.

(Video) Selenium 4: How To Run Tests using Microsoft Edge Chromium Browser

How to setup EdgeDriver on Windows?

To set up and configure EdgeDriverwith the Selenium, the EdgeDriverexecutable file should be accessible in the test script. Selenium tests can access the EdgeDriverif it is set up by any of the following ways:

  1. Setup EdgeDriver using System Properties in Environment Variables.
  2. Setup EdgeDriver using System Properties in the test script.

Let’s comprehend all of these and try running our test code with Selenium 3orSelenium 4.

How to setup EdgeDriver using System Properties in Environment Variables?

On Windows, one of the ways to declare system-level variables is by using Environment Variables. Users can define either user-level environment variables or system-level variables. Environment variables can be used to set the path for the EdgeDriver directly into the system properties. So, whenever a needed instance of WebDriver can easily locate the path of EdgeDriver from the system variable. Let's follow the below steps to set up the system property path for EdgeDriver.

  1. First, we need to open the Environment Variable pop-up. To do that, click on the search bar and search for “Environment Variables“. It will search and display “Edit environment variables for your account”, as shown in the image below. Click on the “Open” to open the System Properties pop-up.

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (5)

  1. The “System Properties” pop-up will open. In the pop-up, select the “Advanced ” tab as marked by the arrow. After that, under the Advanced tab, click on the “Environment Variables” button.

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (6)

  1. This will open the “Environment Variables” pop-up. In the pop-up System variables section, look for the “Path” variable as marked in the below image. Click on the Path variable to select it. Once selected, click on the “Edit ” button as marked by the arrow.

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (7)

  1. Fourthly, in the “Edit environment variable” pop-up, click on the “New ” button.

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (8)

  1. Clicking the "Edit " button will add a new line. Now, add the EdgeDriver’s executable file's parent folder location to the path. We have placed our driver at the following location “C:\Selenium\edgedriver”, so we have added the same as the path variable. Once done, click on the “OK ” button as denoted by the arrow.

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (9)

How to Run Selenium Tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver on Windows?

We can now directly initialize theWebDriverinstance using theEdgeDriver,as shown below:

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;import org.openqa.selenium.edge.EdgeDriver;public class DemoEdge { public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException{ System.out.println("Execution after setting EdgeDriver path in System Variables on Windows!!"); WebDriver driver = new EdgeDriver(); driver.get("https://demoqa.com"); Thread.sleep(3000); driver.quit(); System.out.println("Execution complete on Windows"); }}

On executing the above code, you will see the results like below:

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (10)

(Video) #4 How to Configure Microsoft Edge Driver for Selenium

It is clear from the console results, there is no WebDrivererror, which implies that theWebDriverset up is correct. You can see the print statements as the entry and exit points of our execution. Correspondingly you will be able to see the execution in your system.

How to initialize EdgeDriver using System Properties in the Selenium test script?

Now, instead of using the global instance ofEdgeDriver, if we want to use a specific version ofEdgeDriver, we can do the same by explicitly specifying the path of theEdgeDriverin the test script itself. We just need to add a single line of code to set up the system properties for theEdgeDriver, as shown below:

System.setProperty("webdriver.edge.driver", "<Path of the EdgeDriver Executable>");

Let us modify the code we used above and see that we can launch the Edge browser successfully. The modified code would look like this:

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;import org.openqa.selenium.edge.EdgeDriver;public class DemoEdge { public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException{ System.out.println("EdgeDriver execution on Windows!!"); System.setProperty("webdriver.edge.driver", "E:\\EdgeDriver\\85\\msedgedriver.exe"); WebDriver driver = new EdgeDriver(); driver.get("https://demoqa.com"); Thread.sleep(3000); driver.quit(); System.out.println("Execution complete on Windows"); }}

You will see thatdemoqa.comopens in theEdgebrowser without any error and exception.

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (11)

So, this way, you can run your Selenium test cases on a specified version of EdgeDriver, by giving the explicit path of the EdgeDriver in the setProperty() method.

How to install EdgeDriver on macOS?

The installation and setup ofEdgeDriveronmacOSis almost the same as that of theWindowsplatform, the only difference being the executable formacOSwill be different. Additionally, the way we can include the EdgeDriverexecutable in the System’sPATH variable is bit different. Subsequently, let’s see how we can install and setup the EdgeDriveronmacOS :

How To Download EdgeDriver in macOS?

On macOS, we can downloadEdgeDriver from the official Mircosoft Edge website. Consequently, depending on the version of the "Edge browser", click on the corresponding EdgeDriver for mac, as highlighted below:

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (12)

As we do have the Edge browser version 85 on our machine, so we are downloading the corresponding compatible version of the EdgeDriver.

It will download azipfile, which you can extract in any of the folders of your choice. After extracting, it will show the executable file ofEdgeBrowser,as shown below:

(Video) #16 Launching MS Edge Browser Using Selenium WebDriver | Selenium Tutorial for Beginners

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (13)

So, now you have theEdgeDriver executable file available on your machine, which we can use in our test scripts. Subsequently, let’s see how to setup EdgeDriveronmacOSand use in the Selenium test scripts:

How To Set Up EdgeDriver on macOS?

Now that you have downloaded the EdgeDriver, the next step is to set it up so that you can use it in your test scripts. OnmacOS also, we can follow the same ways, as on Windows, to set up theEdgeDriver:

  1. Setup EdgeDriver using the System’s PATH variable.
  2. Setup EdgeDriver using System Properties in the test script.

The 2nd point is the same setup as the Windows platform, as we are usingJAVAfor test development, andJAVAbeing platform-independent, will have the same behavior across platforms. So, let’s see how we can set up theEdgeDriverusing the System’sPATHvariable:

How to Setup EdgeDriver using the System’s PATH variable?

As we mentioned above, one of the easiest ways to make the executable available globally on themacOS is to copy the executable under any the folders which are already in the PATHvariable. Let’s follow the steps mentioned below to achieve the same:

  1. First, identify the folders which are included in the PATH variable using the command ‘echo $PATH ‘ on the terminal. It will give a sample output, as shown below:

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (14)

  1. Secondly, as we can see, multiple directories are already part of the PATH variable. Suppose we choose “/usr/local/bin ” as a placeholder directory to hold the EdgeDriver executable.

  2. Thirdly, copy the EdgeDriverexecutable file from the downloaded directory to the“/usr/local/bin ” directory using the mv command as shown below:

mv msedgedriver /usr/local/bin/ or cp msedgedriver /usr/local/bin/

How to Run Selenium Tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver on Mac?

Now your EdgeDriver is ready to be used in yourSelenium test scripts. Consequently, now we will write a simple program and execute the same in the macOS platform.

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;import org.openqa.selenium.edge.EdgeDriver;public class DemoEdge { public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException{ System.out.println("EdgeDriver execution on macOS!!"); WebDriver driver = new EdgeDriver(); driver.get("https://demoqa.com"); Thread.sleep(3000); driver.quit(); System.out.println("Execution complete on macOS"); }}

On executing the same, you can find the results in your console window:

How to Run Selenium tests on Edge Browser using EdgeDriver? (15)

(Video) 🔥 How to Launch MS Edge Browser in Selenium | EdgeOptions & Capabilities | - Selenium Session 14🔥

You can see the execution happening successfully without any error. Both the print statements are getting displayed, which indicates that our execution did not face any error. So did you see how easy it was to runEdgeDriver tests inmacOS? Unlike the Windows system, where you have to remember the path of your driver executable, just placing the driver at a location in macOS makes our lives so easy!

Key Takeaways

  • Microsoft has rebuilt the Edge from scratch on the Chromium engine. Additionally, with around 7 percent of market share, Edge still makes a decent argument to test your applications on Edge for compatibility.
  • Moreover, Selenium's cross-browser functionality allows users to perform tests on all different types of contemporary browsers, including but not limited to Microsoft Edge.
  • In addition to the above, MSEdgeDriver is a standalone server that communicates between Selenium WebDriver and Microsoft Edge to execute all selenium tests on the Edge browser.

FAQs

Can Selenium run on edge? ›

(Python 2.7 is not supported.) To use WebDriver to automate Microsoft Edge, if you use Selenium, you must use Selenium 4, which has built-in support for Microsoft Edge (Chromium).

How do I run Selenium scripts on already opened edge browser? ›

How To Execute Selenium Scripts On Already Opened Browser
  1. Step 1- Start Chrome in debug mode. Navigate to chrome directory using the cd command.
  2. Step 2- Execute Selenium test on port 9222. // set the driver path- You can also use WebDriverManager for drivers System. setProperty("webdriver. chrome.
24 Feb 2021

How do I run test cases in edge? ›

To record a new test for a web application on Microsoft Edge:
  1. Select the project to which you want to add the new test.
  2. In the toolbar, click Record Testcase.
  3. Type a name for the new test into the Testcase name field.
  4. Click Start Recording.

How do I run edge browser in headless mode? ›

It is quite simple to run your tests in the headless mode. You need simply to add the "--headless" argument to the EdgeOptions object. NOTE: Make sure to download the correct version of Edge driver and copy it to the output folder. Also, you need to install the latest version of the Microsoft.

How do I run a script in Edge? ›

Steps to Run JavaScript on Edge from Scratch
  1. Step 1: Open Edge. To start, open the Edge web browser.
  2. Step 2: Launch the Developer Tools. You can launch the Developer Tools by pressing F12 on your Keyboard.
  3. Step 3: Run the JavaScript on Edge. Finally, navigate to the “Console” tab, where you can run your JavaScript.
9 Jul 2022

How do I allow Java to run in Edge? ›

Enable Java in the browser through the Java Control Panel

In the Java Control Panel, click the Security tab. Select the option Enable Java content in the browser. Click Apply and then OK to confirm the changes. Restart the browser to enable the changes.

Can Selenium use an already open browser? ›

We can connect to an already open browser using Selenium webdriver. This can be done using the Capabilities and ChromeOptions classes. The Capabilities class obtains the browser capabilities with the help of the getCapabilities method.

How do I open multiple browser sessions in Edge? ›

Open Edge Browser to Multiple Webpages. Launch Edge and click the More Actions button in the upper right corner. Then from the menu select Settings. Scroll down a bit and find the Open with section and select A specific page or pages.

How do I run Selenium test cases in different browsers? ›

Create an XML which will help us in parameterizing the browser name and don't forget to mention parallel="tests" in order to execute in all the browsers simultaneously. Execute the script by performing right-click on the XML file and select 'Run As' >> 'TestNG' Suite as shown below.

What is Edge browser testing? ›

Edge Browser Testing. Browserling offers online cross-browser testing in the latest Microsoft Edge browser. The Edge browser runs in a virtual machine in our server cloud and we stream the browser to you. You get a live and interactive Edge without any additional installations.

What is Edge test app? ›

EDGE is an innovative, mobile app designed as a personal companion for those who want to better manage their asthma. EDGE is in an exploratory evaluation (testing) phase, which means Geisinger patients may use it while Geisinger sees how well it works and how it may help patients with their asthma.

Where can I find Edge test cases? ›

Boundary testing, in which testers validate between the extreme ends of a range of inputs, is a great way to find edge cases when testers are dealing with specific and calculated value fields.

How do I run Selenium tests in headless mode? ›

ChromeOptions options = new ChromeOptions() options. addArgument("headless"); ChromeDriver driver = new ChromeDriver(options); In the above code, the browser is instructed to run in the headless mode using the addArgument() method of the ChromeOptions class provided by the Selenium WebDriver.

Can we use headless browser in cross browser testing? ›

Headless Browser Testing is a process of running the browser tests without the type of browser UI or GUI. In headless browser testing, to conduct cross-browser testing the tester can run test cases accurately and successfully without requiring the browser on which application needs to be tested.

How do I use headless Chrome browser in Selenium? ›

You can run Google Chrome in headless mode simply by setting the headless property of the chromeOptions object to True. Or, you can use the add_argument() method of the chromeOptions object to add the –headless command-line argument to run Google Chrome in headless mode using the Selenium Chrome web driver.

How do I run HTML code in Microsoft Edge? ›

  1. Locate your html file in file explorer and right click on it > open with > select microsoft edge. Your html will be now open on microsoft edge.
  2. You can also set default apps for html files, go to your system settings and search for default apps and select microsoft edge and then in next page for .

How do I enable active scripting in Microsoft Edge? ›

Click Tools > Internet Options. Click the Security tab > Custom Level. In the Scripting section, click Enable for Active Scripting. In the dialog box that displays, click Yes.

Is there a command bar in Edge? ›

The Microsoft Edge Canary 105 lets its Command Bar run commands from a launcher integrated into the browser. However, the feature differs from the Google Chrome address bar or the Quick Actions command feature in Firefox and has its own interface offering fast and smooth operation.

Is Java blocked in edge? ›

Will Java run in my browser on Windows 10? Internet Explorer 11 and Firefox will continue to run Java on Windows 10. The Edge browser does not support plug-ins and therefore will not run Java.

How do I know if Java is enabled in Microsoft Edge? ›

All browsers
  1. Navigate to the Control Panel.
  2. In the Search Control panel, type Java Control Panel into the "Search" field, and click the Java icon to open it.
  3. In the Java Control Panel, click the Security tab.
  4. At the top of the Security tab, check the Enable Java content in the browser box to enable Java.
2 Dec 2021

How do I unblock Java in Microsoft Edge? ›

Find the section labeled “Site permissions” on the left-hand Settings pane, and then choose it. Under Site Permissions, select the “JavaScript” item. On the JavaScript menu, locate the button beside “Allow (recommended)” and toggle it so that it turns blue. Restart your Microsoft Edge browser to apply settings.

Which browser is fastest in Selenium? ›

HTML UnitDriver is the most light weight and fastest implementation headless browser for of WebDriver. It is based on HtmlUnit. It is known as Headless Browser Driver.

Which browser is best for Selenium automation? ›

List of Browsers for Selenium Automation on Chrome
  • Chrome 96.
  • Chrome 97.
  • Chrome 98.
  • Chrome 99.
  • Chrome 100.
  • Chrome 101.
  • Chrome 102.
  • Chrome 103.

Does Selenium only work with Chrome? ›

Through WebDriver, Selenium supports all major browsers on the market such as Chrome/Chromium, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Edge, and Safari.

How do I automatically open multiple tabs in Edge? ›

On the Settings menu, look for the “Open With” options and select “A specific page or pages.” In the drop-down menu below it, choose “Custom,” and below that, enter the URL of a webpage you want to see when you fire up the Edge browser.

How do I automatically open tabs in Edge? ›

Can you click on the 3 dots at the top right corner and go to Edge Settings. Select "Start, home, and new tabs" navigation from the left navigation. Now under "When Edge starts" Click on "Open these pages" and add the website that you want to open at the startup and delete the ones you don't want at the startup.

How do I automatically open links in Edge? ›

Step 1: Launch the Microsoft Edge app. Step 2: At the top-right, click More button, then click Settings. Step 3: In Open Microsoft Edge with a drop-down box, select Specifics page or pages. Enter a URL that you want open automatically in the box below the drop-down list, then hit Enter to add it.

How can I test in different browsers? ›

How can I test a website on different browsers?
  1. Sign up for a free account on BrowserStack Live.
  2. Navigate to the Live dashboard.
  3. Choose from one of the many real devices and browsers available for testing.
  4. Test the website in question.
  5. Repeat the process with another device-browser combination.

How do I run a test suite in different browsers? ›

To execute test cases with different browsers in the same machine at the same time we can integrate Testng framework with Selenium WebDriver. Here because the testing. xml has two Test tags ('ChromeTest','FirefoxTest'),this test case will execute two times for 2 different browsers.

How do I run a test in multiple browsers parallel? ›

With Parallel Testing, you can run the same test on different browser/device combinations i.e. cross-browser testing, or run different tests on the same or different browser/device combinations. Parallel Testing will help you reduce the run time of your test suite, resulting in faster build times and faster releases.

Can you inspect on Edge? ›

In Microsoft Edge, you can open DevTools by using the mouse or keyboard, in any of the following ways. Which tool is opened depends on how you open DevTools. Right-click any item on a webpage, and then select Inspect.

Is it better to use Edge than Chrome? ›

Both browsers have a decent enough set of privacy and security features, but Edge is easier to navigate and provides more control for its users. However, Chrome has a more consistent update schedule, meaning that malware or exploits will get patched faster than Edge.

Does Edge run better than Chrome? ›

It's hard to pin down how accurate this exact stat is, but plenty of users around the web have run their own tests and come to the same conclusion: Edge is faster than Chrome. For example, Avast tested many browsers and found Edge to run faster than Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Vivaldi.

Is Edge safer than Google? ›

In fact, Microsoft Edge is more secure than Google Chrome for your business on Windows. It has powerful, built-in defenses against phishing and malware and natively supports hardware isolation on Windows—there's no additional software required to achieve this secure baseline.

What is edge cases in testing with example? ›

An edge case is a problem or situation that occurs only at an extreme (maximum or minimum) operating parameter. For example, a stereo speaker might noticeably distort audio when played at maximum volume, even in the absence of any other extreme setting or condition. An edge case can be expected or unexpected.

What is straight Edge test? ›

Straight Edge Test - The straight edge test is used to determine floor flatness.

What are edge cases Java? ›

In software development, an edge case is a type of software bug that won't be a widespread issue. Instead, it only affects a small number of users, and devices, or can only be reproduced under uncommon circumstances. That doesn't necessarily mean that the bug is difficult to reproduce.

What edge case means? ›

/ˈedʒ ˌkeɪs/ uk. /ˈedʒ ˌkeɪs/ a problem or situation, especially in computer programming, that only happens at the highest or lowest end of a range of possible values or in extreme situations: You may run into an edge case where your program screws up.

What are edge cases Qa? ›

In software testing, edge cases are bugs that are uncommon for users to encounter. Note, though, that this doesn't always mean that it's hard to reproduce the bug. Sometimes the bug may be happening 100% of the time – but only on an iPhone model that makes up a very small share of the customer base.

Can Selenium run without GUI? ›

We can run Selenium (Firefox) webdriver without a GUI. This means that the execution has to be kicked in headless mode. The headless execution is popular now since it results in less consumption of resources.

How do I run Selenium silently? ›

How to execute Selenium Chrome WebDriver in silent mode?
  1. ChromeOptions options = new ChromeOptions();
  2. options. AddArgument("--silent");
  3. IWebDriver Driver = new ChromeDriver(options);

Is it possible to run a Selenium test without using a real browser? ›

We can perform Selenium testing without a browser. This is achieved by triggering the execution in a headless mode. The headless execution can decrease the utilization of key resources and is being adopted widely.

Which is the best tool for cross-browser testing? ›

Top Cross Browser Testing Tools to Try for Your Website
  1. Testsigma. Testsigma is a complete no-code open source test automation platform for Devs & QAs. ...
  2. Testim.io. Testim is a test automation tool for running end-to-end tests on multiple browsers. ...
  3. Ranorex Studio. ...
  4. Perfecto. ...
  5. LambdaTest.
9 Nov 2022

Why is it called a headless browser? ›

We know that the User Interface or UI of any software is its most integral part. So, when it comes to Headless Browsers (Yep! You heard it right, it is called “headless”), it means a browser without a user interface or “head.” So, when the browser is headless, the GUI is hidden.

Is running Selenium headless faster? ›

Improved speed and performance

Selenium tests can take a while to complete, due to elements on a page that the browser needs to load. Headless testing gets rid of this load time, allowing you to cut your testing times significantly. In our tests with headless testing, we've seen a 30% reduction of test execution times.

How do I run Edge browser in headless mode? ›

It is quite simple to run your tests in the headless mode. You need simply to add the "--headless" argument to the EdgeOptions object. NOTE: Make sure to download the correct version of Edge driver and copy it to the output folder. Also, you need to install the latest version of the Microsoft.

How do I run my browser in headless mode? ›

Which command starts the google chrome web browser in headless mode? As we have already seen, you just have to add the flag –headless when you launch the browser to be in headless mode. With CLI (Command Line Interface), just write: chrome \<br> --headless \ # Runs Chrome in headless mode.

What is headless browser testing? ›

Headless testing is when you run a UI-based browser test without showing the browser UI. It's running a test or running a script against a browser, but without the browser, UI starts up.

Which browser works best with selenium? ›

List of Browsers for Selenium Automation on Chrome
  • Chrome 96.
  • Chrome 97.
  • Chrome 98.
  • Chrome 99.
  • Chrome 100.
  • Chrome 101.
  • Chrome 102.
  • Chrome 103.

What browsers does Selenium work with? ›

It supports a number of browsers (Google Chrome 12+, Internet Explorer 7,8,9,10, Safari 5.1+, Opera 11.5, Firefox 3+) and operating systems (Windows, Mac, Linux/Unix). Selenium also provides compatibility with different programming languages – C#, Java, JavaScript, Ruby, Python, PHP.

Which browser Selenium does not support? ›

The main limitation of Selenium IDE is that, it supported in only Firefox browser. If you want to execute your scripts on different browsers, then you can use Selenium RC (Selenium Remote Control). The Selenium RC supports multiple browsers like IE, Firefox, Chrome, Safari, Opera etc.

Does Edge still support Java? ›

No. Microsoft Edge doesn't support ActiveX controls or Browser Help Objects (BHOs) like Silverlight or Java. However, if you're running web apps that use ActiveX controls, BHOs, or legacy document modes on Internet Explorer 11, you can configure them to run in IE mode on Microsoft Edge.

Which browser is the strongest? ›

The 6 best web browsers
  • Best overall: Google Chrome.
  • Best for security: Mozilla Firefox.
  • Best for customization: Vivaldi.
  • Best for social media: Opera.
  • Best for macOS: Apple Safari.
  • Best for Windows: Microsoft Edge.
31 Aug 2022

Can Selenium be used without opening browser? ›

We can perform Selenium testing without a browser. This is achieved by triggering the execution in a headless mode. The headless execution can decrease the utilization of key resources and is being adopted widely.

How do I launch a browser in Selenium? ›

So let's see how it works:
  1. Set a system property “webdriver. chrome. driver” to the path of your ChromeDriver.exe file and instantiate a ChromeDriver class: System. setProperty(“webdriver. chrome. ...
  2. Maximize the window: driver. manage(). window(). maximize();
  3. To open the URL: driver. get(“URL link”)
20 Feb 2022

Which browser is easiest to run? ›

If you're looking for a fast internet browser, Chrome is the best browser for raw speed. Pros: Easy to use.
...
1. Google Chrome.
Test:Runs per Minute
Speedometer 2.0144.9
JetStream 2130.294
MotionMark553.38

Is Selenium IDE only for Firefox? ›

Note: Selenium IDE is available only as Mozilla Firefox and Chrome plug-in, which means you can't record your test cases on browsers other than Firefox and Chrome. The recorded test scripts can also be exported to programming languages like C#, Java, Ruby or Python.

Which browser is the safest in 2022? ›

Brave is arguably one of the best web browsers for all-around security. The open source browser includes a built-in ad blocker, a script blocker, automatically upgrades to HTTPS, blocks all third-party storage and protects against browser fingerprinting.

Is Microsoft discontinuing Edge? ›

Support for the legacy version of the Microsoft Edge desktop app ended on March 9, 2021. The Microsoft Edge Legacy application will no longer receive security updates after that date. Go here to learn more.

Is Microsoft getting rid of Edge? ›

Microsoft confirmed in August 2020 that Edge Legacy browser would no longer be supported after March 9, 2021. The latest development reinforces the coming change, with Microsoft taking the dramatic step of removing the browser automatically.

Videos

1. How to execute Selenium on Microsoft Edge browser
(Automation Made Easy)
2. Selenium Python Tutorial #10 - How to Run Selenium Tests on Edge and IE Browsers
(Software Testing Mentor)
3. #4 How To Execute Selenium Test On Edge Browser using Python-Selenium Webdriver Tutorial With Python
(Mukesh otwani)
4. #6 Selenium With Python | How to configure Microsoft Edge Browser for Selenium Python | EdgeDriver
(Suresh SDET Automation)
5. Selenium Tutorials 2B - Running Selenium Scripts on Edge Browser
(subbus tech)
6. Selenium Webdriver : First Test Script with Edge browser : Tutorial 20
(Free Automation Learning)

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